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An assessment of the remodelling of bifurcations in hazel (Corylus avellana L.) in response to bracing, drilling and splitting

Slater, Duncan (Forester); Ennos, A. R.


This paper provides an insight into the ability of bifurcations in hazel trees to remodel themselves after bracing, drilling and splitting. The study uses evidence from field observations and testing the strength of these bifurcations using a universal testing machine alongside wood density tests. This work highlights the importance of the centrally-placed xylem at the apex of hazel forks in supplying tensile strength to the bifurcation. Additionally, it provides evidence that rod-braced bifurcations can atrophy in terms of their tensile strength, growth rate and wood density, suggesting that thigmomorphogenesis plays an important role in the development of a strong bifurcation.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2016-09
Journal Arboriculture and urban forestry
Print ISSN 1935-5297
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 42
Issue 5
Pages 355-370
Keywords Bark inclusion, Bifurcation, Biomechanics, Bracing, Corylus Avellana L., Remodelling, Thigmomorphogenesis, Tree crotch, Tree fork
Publisher URL
Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Arboriculture and urban forestry, 2016, v.42, issue 5


Article.pdf (1.6 Mb)

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©2016 International Society of Arboriculture

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