New insights into the biomechanics of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease: The role of epiphyseal skeletal immaturity in vascular obstruction
Pinheiro, M.; Dobson, C. A.; Perry, D.; Fagan, M. J.
C. A. Dobson
Professor Michael Fagan M.J.Fagan@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Medical and Biological Engineering
Legg–Calvé–Perthes’ disease (LCP) is an idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head that is most common in children between four and eight years old. The factors that lead to the onset of LCP are still unclear; however, it is believed that interruption of the blood supply to the developing epiphysis is an important factor in the development of the condition.
Finite element analysis modelling of the blood supply to the juvenile epiphysis was investigated to understand under which circumstances the blood vessels supplying the femoral epiphysis could become obstructed. The identification of these conditions is likely to be important in understanding the biomechanics of LCP.
The results support the hypothesis that vascular obstruction to the epiphysis may arise when there is delayed ossification and when articular cartilage has reduced stiffness under compression.
The findings support the theory of vascular occlusion as being important in the pathophysiology of Perthes disease.
Pinheiro, M., Dobson, C. A., Perry, D., & Fagan, M. J. (2018). New insights into the biomechanics of Legg-Calvé-Perthes’ disease: The role of epiphyseal skeletal immaturity in vascular obstruction. Bone & joint research, 7(2), 148-156. https://doi.org/10.1302/2046-3758.72.bjr-2017-0191.r1
|Acceptance Date||Nov 21, 2017|
|Online Publication Date||Feb 7, 2018|
|Publication Date||Feb 1, 2018|
|Deposit Date||Feb 13, 2018|
|Publicly Available Date||Feb 13, 2018|
|Journal||Bone and Joint Research|
|Publisher||British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Perthes’ disease; Vessel obstruction; Juvenile hip; Biomechanics; Finite element analysis|
|Copyright Statement||© 2018 Pinheiro et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attributions licence (CC-BY -NC), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, but not for commercial gain, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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© 2018 Pinheiro et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attributions licence (CC-BY -NC), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, but not for commercial gain, provided the original author and source are credited.