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The potential role of variations in juvenile hip geometry on the development of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: a biomechanical investigation

Pinheiro, Manuel da Silva; Dobson, Catherine; Clarke, Nicholas M.; Fagan, Michael

Authors

Manuel da Silva Pinheiro

Nicholas M. Clarke



Abstract

© 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCP) is one of the most poorly understood diseases in paediatric orthopaedics. One common trait of LCP is the marked morphological difference between healthy and pathological hips, early deviations of which (i.e. prior to disease onset) have been suggested to lead to the overload and collapse of the epiphysis. Here, the impact of common variations in geometry is investigated with a finite element model of a juvenile femur under single leg standing and landing. Here, the impact of typical variations in geometry is investigated with a finite element model of a juvenile femur under single leg standing and landing. The variations appear to have only a limited effect on the stress distribution in the femoral epiphysis even during high impact activities. This suggests that, for this individual at least, they would be unlikely to cause epiphyseal overload and collapse, even in the presence of a skeletally immature epiphysis.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Feb 8, 2018
Journal Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
Print ISSN 1025-5842
Electronic ISSN 1476-8259
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 21
Issue 2
Pages 194-200
APA6 Citation Pinheiro, M. D. S., Dobson, C., Clarke, N. M., & Fagan, M. (2018). The potential role of variations in juvenile hip geometry on the development of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease: a biomechanical investigation. Computer methods in biomechanics and biomedical engineering, 21(2), 194-200. https://doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2018.1437151
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/10255842.2018.1437151
Keywords Perthes disease; Hip morphology; Juvenile hip; Biomechanics; Finite element analysis
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10255842.2018.1437151
Copyright Statement ©2018 University of Hull

This is the accepted version of an article published in Computer methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. The published version is available at the DOI link.

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Copyright Statement
©2018 University of Hull

This is the accepted version of an article published in Computer methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. The published version is available at the DOI link.



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