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An abrupt shift in dust source on the Chinese Loess Plateau revealed through high sampling resolution OSL dating

Stevens, Thomas; Adamiec, Grzegorz; Bird, Anna F.; Lu, Huayu

Authors

Thomas Stevens

Grzegorz Adamiec

Huayu Lu



Abstract

The source of dust that forms the extensive deposits of loess exposed on the Chinese Loess Plateau is highly debated. In particular, it is not clear whether sources can change abruptly within individual loess units or whether local influences on source can override the influence of far travelled components. High vertical sampling resolution (10-40cm) optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating of sediments on the Loess Plateau in China has been successful in providing detailed, independent age models for loess accumulation. Here, OSL behaviour is used to infer a shift in loess sediment source during the Last Glacial period. OSL dating procedures have often utilised the widely-applied single aliquot regeneration (SAR) protocol on quartz grains. Detailed SAR OSL dating of the last 45ka of sedimentation at Beiguoyuan section on the north of the Loess Plateau demonstrates anomalous and statistically significant age increases and scatter in age estimates in samples from a c. 2.5m unit at about 20ka, compared to samples above and below. Many of these samples also fail internal dose recovery tests and show anomalous luminescence signal properties. Deconvolution of OSL decay curves into first order components reveals that many of the age-overestimating samples have a significant ultrafast component. This behaviour is restricted to the 2.5m segment and is only likely to be uncovered using high sampling resolution luminescence analysis. Combined with heavy mineral, grain-size and geochemical evidence, this suggests that the source of material in this unit abruptly shifted at the Last Glacial Maximum, potentially to a local source rather than well mixed and recycled multiple distant sources, as appears to be the case at other times at the site and other studied sections on the Loess Plateau. The environmental causes of this source shift may be tied to abrupt climate change during the Last Glacial Maximum and demonstrate the highly dynamic nature of the locations of dust generation during the Last Glacial period. The change in source also adds complexity to standard climate proxy analyses of loess using sediment properties. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Dec 15, 2013
Journal Quaternary Science Reviews
Print ISSN 0277-3791
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 82
Pages 121-132
APA6 Citation Stevens, T., Adamiec, G., Bird, A. F., & Lu, H. (2013). An abrupt shift in dust source on the Chinese Loess Plateau revealed through high sampling resolution OSL dating. Quaternary science reviews, 82, 121-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.014
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.014
Keywords Archaeology; Archaeology; Global and Planetary Change; Geology; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004083?via%3Dihub
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: An abrupt shift in dust source on the Chinese Loess Plateau revealed through high sampling resolution OSL dating; Journal Title: Quaternary Science Reviews; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.014; Content Type: article; Copyright: Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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