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Reduced inter-hemispheric interference in ageing: Evidence from a divided field Stroop paradigm

Delvenne, Jean François; Castronovo, Julie

Authors

Jean François Delvenne

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Dr Julie Castronovo J.Castronovo@hull.ac.uk
Senior Lecturer in Psychology, Director of Education Faculty of Health Sciences



Abstract

© 2018 Elsevier Inc. One of the most important structural changes that occur in the brain during the course of life relates to the corpus callosum, the largest neural pathway that connects the two cerebral hemispheres. It has been shown that the corpus callosum, and in particular its anterior sections, endures a process of degeneration in ageing. Hence, a primary question is whether such structural changes in the brain of older adults have functional consequences on inter-hemispheric communication. In particular, whether the atrophy of the corpus callosum in ageing may lead to a higher or lower level of inter-hemispheric interference is currently unknown. To investigate this question, we asked young and healthy older adults to perform modified versions of the classic Stroop paradigm in which the target and distracter were spatially separated. Across two experiments, we found that the Stroop effect was significantly reduced in older adults when the two stimuli were distributed in two different hemifields as opposed to the same single hemifield. This new finding suggests that age-related callosal thinning reduces inter-hemispheric interference by facilitating the two hemispheres to process information in parallel.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2018
Journal Brain and Cognition
Print ISSN 0278-2626
Electronic ISSN 1090-2147
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 122
Pages 26-33
APA6 Citation Delvenne, J. F., & Castronovo, J. (2018). Reduced inter-hemispheric interference in ageing: Evidence from a divided field Stroop paradigm. Brain and Cognition, 122, 26-33. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2018.01.008
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.01.008
Keywords Experimental and Cognitive Psychology; Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); Cognitive Neuroscience; Developmental and Educational Psychology; Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278262616303657
Copyright Statement © 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Reduced inter-hemispheric interference in ageing: Evidence from a divided field Stroop paradigm; Journal Title: Brain and Cognition; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandc.2018.01.008; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Copyright Statement
© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/



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