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Perception of artificial conspecifics by bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps)

Frohnwieser, Anna; Pike, Thomas W.; Murray, John C.; Wilkinson, Anna


Anna Frohnwieser

Thomas W. Pike

John C. Murray

Anna Wilkinson


Artificial animals are increasingly used as conspecific stimuli in animal behavior research. However, researchers often have an incomplete understanding of how the species under study perceives conspecifics, and, hence, which features are needed for a stimulus to be perceived appropriately. To investigate the features that bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps) attend to, we measured their lateralized eye use when assessing a successive range of stimuli. These ranged through several stages of realism in artificial conspecifics, to see how features such as color, the presence of eyes, body shape and motion influence behavior. We found differences in lateralized eye use depending on the sex of the observing bearded dragon and the artificial conspecific, as well as the artificial conspecific's behavior. Therefore, this approach can inform the design of robotic animals that elicit biologically-meaningful responses in live animals.


Frohnwieser, A., Pike, T. W., Murray, J. C., & Wilkinson, A. (2019). Perception of artificial conspecifics by bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps). Integrative Zoology, 14(2), 214-222.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jan 9, 2018
Online Publication Date Jan 9, 2018
Publication Date 2019-03
Deposit Date May 2, 2018
Publicly Available Date Jan 10, 2019
Journal Integrative Zoology
Print ISSN 1749-4869
Electronic ISSN 1749-4877
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 214-222
Keywords Bearded dragons; Conspecifics; Lateralized eye use; Perception
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Additional Information This is the peer reviewed version of the article with citation details as supplied above, which has been published in final form at the DOI link above. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.


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