Skip to main content

Mixed-methods pre-match cooling improves simulated soccer performance in the heat

Aldous, Jeffrey William Frederick; Chrismas, Bryna Catherine Rose; Akubat, Ibrahim; Stringer, Charlotte Anne; Abt, Grant; Taylor, Lee

Authors

Jeffrey William Frederick Aldous

Bryna Catherine Rose Chrismas

Ibrahim Akubat

Charlotte Anne Stringer

Profile Image

Dr Grant Abt G.Abt@hull.ac.uk
Reader in Sport and Exercise Physiology and Head of Department for Sport, Health and Exercise Science

Lee Taylor



Abstract

This investigation examined the effects of three pre-match and half-time cooling manoeuvres on physical performance and associated physiological and perceptual responses in eight University soccer players during a non-motorised treadmill based individualised soccer-specific simulation [intermittent soccer performance test (iSPT)] at 30oC. Four randomised experimental trials were completed; following 30-min (pre-match) and 15-min (half-time) cooling manoeuvres via: (1) ice slurry ingestion (SLURRY); (2) ice-packs placed on the quadriceps and hamstrings (PACKS); (3) mixed-methods (MM; PACKS and SLURRY concurrently); or no-cooling (CON). In iSPT first half, a moderate increase in total (Mean ± Standard Deviation: 108 ± 57m, qualitative inference: most likely, Cohen’s d: 0.87, 90%CL: ±0.31), high-speed (56 ± 46m, very likely, 0.68 ±0.38) and variable run (15 ± 5m, very likely, 0.81 ±0.47) distance covered was reported in MM compared with CON. Additionally, pre-match reductions in thermal sensation (-1.0 ± 0.5, most likely, -0.91 ±0.36), rectal (-0.6 ± 0.1oC, very likely, -0.86 ±0.35) and skin temperature (-1.1 ± 0.3oC, very likely, -0.88 ±0.42) continued throughout iSPT first half. Physical performance during iSPT first half was unaltered in SLURRY and PACKS compared to CON. Rectal temperature was moderately increased in SLURRY at 45-min (0.2 ± 0.1oC, very likely, 0.67 ±0.36). Condition did not influence any measure in iSPT second half compared to CON. Only MM pre-match cooling augmented physical performance during iSPT first half, likely due to peripheral and central thermoregulatory factors favourably influencing first half iSPT performance. Further practical half-time cooling manoeuvres which enhance second half performance are still required.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019
Print ISSN 1746-1391
Electronic ISSN 1536-7290
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 19
Issue 2
Pages 156-165
APA6 Citation Aldous, J. W. F., Chrismas, B. C. R., Akubat, I., Stringer, C. A., Abt, G., & Taylor, L. (2019). Mixed-methods pre-match cooling improves simulated soccer performance in the heat. European journal of sport science : the official journal of the European College of Sport Science, 19(2), 156-165. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1498542
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2018.1498542
Keywords Environmental physiology; Fatigue; Performance; Team sport
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17461391.2018.1498542
Copyright Statement ©2018 The authors

Files





You might also like



Downloadable Citations

;