Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm

Brennan, Iain R.



Criminology has much to offer activities to reduce the harm of violent incidents –– particularly by reducing weapon-carrying and use – but the discipline’s engagement with the harm reduction agenda has been limited. In addressing this, the paper identifies risk factors for carrying a weapon by a young person in England and Wales. It demonstrates that this decision is influenced by individual-, interpersonal- and community-level factors and that weapon carriers can be distinguished from other respondents using relatively few characteristics. The study also shows that defensive factors, such as victimisation and concerns about personal safety are relevant to understanding weapon-carrying, but they are outweighed by criminogenic factors such as violence, neighbourhood disorder and, importantly, lack of trust in the police.


Brennan, I. R. (2019). Weapon-carrying and the reduction of violent harm. The British journal of criminology, 59(3), 571-593.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 24, 2018
Online Publication Date Aug 11, 2018
Publication Date 2019-05
Deposit Date Jul 31, 2018
Publicly Available Date Aug 12, 2020
Journal British Journal of Criminology
Print ISSN 0007-0955
Electronic ISSN 1464-3529
Publisher Oxford University Press
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 59
Issue 3
Pages 571-593
Keywords Pathology and Forensic Medicine; Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous); Law; Social Psychology
Public URL
Publisher URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations