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An integrated lean and green approach for improving sustainability performance: A case study of a packaging manufacturing SME in the UK

Choudhary, Sonal; Nayak, Rakesh; Dora, Manoj; Mishra, Nishikant; Ghadge, Abhijeet


Sonal Choudhary

Rakesh Nayak

Manoj Dora

Dr Nishikant Mishra
Professor/ Head of Management Systems Subject Group

Abhijeet Ghadge


Competitive landscape, informed consumers and stringent regulations have forced many manufacturing small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to focus on operational efficiency along with sustainability issues in recent years. While many manufacturing organisations have been taking lean initiatives for the past few years for operational excellence, an impulsive rush to adopt lean without a strategic deployment vision has led to scattered implementation of lean tools and projects without desired success. Many researchers and practitioners prescribe Value Stream Mapping as a foundation for lean transformation initiatives; however, little empirical work is available on the symbiosis of lean and green paradigms to reap maximum benefits. This research, through a systematic methodology and a novel tool called Green Integrated Value Stream Mapping (GIVSM), integrates both the paradigms in a case study on a UK packaging-manufacturing SME. Applying the GIVSM demonstrates that simultaneous deployment of lean and green paradigms have synergistic effect for improving both operational efficiency and environmental performance. In addition, continuous improvement framework with sustainable procurement is proposed to overcome the lean-green misalignments. This study also provides a guiding reference for practitioners to undertake similar improvement projects and identifies opportunities to expand this academic research on integrated lean-green approach into other industry sectors.


Choudhary, S., Nayak, R., Dora, M., Mishra, N., & Ghadge, A. (2019). An integrated lean and green approach for improving sustainability performance: A case study of a packaging manufacturing SME in the UK. Production planning & control, 30(5-6), 353-368.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 13, 2017
Online Publication Date Mar 22, 2019
Publication Date Mar 22, 2019
Deposit Date Aug 8, 2018
Publicly Available Date Apr 4, 2019
Print ISSN 0953-7287
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 30
Issue 5-6
Pages 353-368
Keywords Carbon footprint; Green manufacturing; Green waste; Lean manufacturing; Lean waste; Sustainability performance
Public URL
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs
Copyright Statement ©2018 University of Hull


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Copyright Statement
© 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

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