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Review of Cryogenic Carbon Capture Innovations and Their Potential Applications (2021)
Journal Article
Font-Palma, C., Cann, D., & Udemu, C. (2021). Review of Cryogenic Carbon Capture Innovations and Their Potential Applications. C - An Open Access Journal of Carbon Research, 7(3), https://doi.org/10.3390/c7030058

Our ever-increasing interest in economic growth is leading the way to the decline of natural resources, the detriment of air quality, and is fostering climate change. One potential solution to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from industrial emitters... Read More about Review of Cryogenic Carbon Capture Innovations and Their Potential Applications.

Experimental analysis of CO2 frost front behaviour in moving packed beds for cryogenic CO2 capture (2021)
Journal Article
Cann, D., Font-Palma, C., & Willson, P. (2021). Experimental analysis of CO2 frost front behaviour in moving packed beds for cryogenic CO2 capture. International journal of greenhouse gas control, 107, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2021.103291

In this work, the feasibility of a novel method of cryogenic carbon capture based on carbon dioxide frost deposition onto a cold moving bed is explored. As a gas mixture including CO2 flows through a sufficiently cold packed bed, CO2 is deposited ont... Read More about Experimental analysis of CO2 frost front behaviour in moving packed beds for cryogenic CO2 capture.

Techno‐environmental analysis of the use of green hydrogen for cogeneration from the gasification of wood and fuel cell (2021)
Journal Article
Font‐palma, C., Díaz-Herrera, P., Gonzalez-Diaz, M. O., Jiang, L., Sánchez Ladrón de Guevara, J. C., & Gonzalez-Diaz, A. (2021). Techno‐environmental analysis of the use of green hydrogen for cogeneration from the gasification of wood and fuel cell. Sustainability, 13(6), https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063232

This paper aims to evaluate the use of wood biomass in a gasifier integrated with a fuel cell system as a low carbon technology. Experimental information of the wood is provided by the literature. The syngas is purified by using pressure swing adsorp... Read More about Techno‐environmental analysis of the use of green hydrogen for cogeneration from the gasification of wood and fuel cell.

Comparison of performance of alternative post combustion carbon capture processes for a biogas fueled micro gas turbine (2021)
Conference Proceeding
Font-Palma, C., Lychnos, G., Somehsaraei, H. N., Willson, P., & Assadi, M. (2021). Comparison of performance of alternative post combustion carbon capture processes for a biogas fueled micro gas turbine. In ASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Expositionhttps://doi.org/10.1115/GT2020-15558

Copyright © 2020 ASME The urgent need to decrease greenhouse gases (GHG) has prompted countries such as the UK and Norway to commit to net zero emissions by 2050 and 2030, respectively. One of the sectors contributing to GHG emissions is agriculture,... Read More about Comparison of performance of alternative post combustion carbon capture processes for a biogas fueled micro gas turbine.

The status of hydrogen technologies in the UK: A multi-disciplinary review (2020)
Journal Article
Edwards, R. L., Font-Palma, C., & Howe, J. (2021). The status of hydrogen technologies in the UK: A multi-disciplinary review. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments an international journal, 43, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seta.2020.100901

Hydrogen has the potential to offer deep decarbonisation across a range of global heavy-emitting sectors. To have an impact on the global energy system, hydrogen technologies must be deployed with greater urgency. This review article facilitates the... Read More about The status of hydrogen technologies in the UK: A multi-disciplinary review.

A review of organic waste enrichment for inducing palatability of black soldier fly larvae: Wastes to valuable resources (2020)
Journal Article
Raksasat, R., Lim, J. W., Kiatkittipong, W., Kiatkittipong, K., Ho, Y. C., Lam, M. K., …Cheng, C. K. (2020). A review of organic waste enrichment for inducing palatability of black soldier fly larvae: Wastes to valuable resources. Environmental pollution, 267, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115488

The increase of annual organic wastes generated worldwide has become a major problem for many countries since the mismanagement could bring about negative effects on the environment besides, being costly for an innocuous disposal. Recently, insect la... Read More about A review of organic waste enrichment for inducing palatability of black soldier fly larvae: Wastes to valuable resources.

Towards sustainable methanol from industrial CO2 sources (2019)
Book Chapter
Douven, S., Benkoussas, H., Font Palma, C., & Léonard, G. (2019). Towards sustainable methanol from industrial CO2 sources. In M. North, & P. Styring (Eds.), Carbon Dioxide Utilization : Volume 2 : Transformations (361-384). De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110665147-019

This chapter discusses the opportunity of using CO2 from industrial sources to produce sustainable methanol. Some important industrial sectors that could be seen as potential sources of CO2 are reviewed: ammonia, steel, ethanol, ethylene, natural gas... Read More about Towards sustainable methanol from industrial CO2 sources.

Methods for the Treatment of Cattle Manure—A Review (2019)
Journal Article
Font-Palma, C. (2019). Methods for the Treatment of Cattle Manure—A Review. C - An Open Access Journal of Carbon Research, 5(2), https://doi.org/10.3390/c5020027

Environmental concerns, caused by greenhouse gases released to the atmosphere and overrunning of nutrients and pathogens to water bodies, have led to reducing direct spread onto the land of cattle manure. In addition, this practice can be a source of... Read More about Methods for the Treatment of Cattle Manure—A Review.

Evaluation of the performance and economic viability of a novel low temperature carbon capture process (2019)
Journal Article
Willson, P., Lychnos, G., Clements, A., Michailos, S., Font-Palma, C., Diego, M. E., …Howe, J. (2019). Evaluation of the performance and economic viability of a novel low temperature carbon capture process. International journal of greenhouse gas control, 86, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.04.001

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd A novel Advanced Cryogenic Carbon Capture (A3C) process is being developed using low cost but high intensity heat transfer to achieve high CO2 capture efficiencies with a much reduced energy consumption and process equipment size.... Read More about Evaluation of the performance and economic viability of a novel low temperature carbon capture process.

Prospects for petcoke utilization with CO2 capture in Mexico (2017)
Journal Article
Font-Palma, C., & Díaz, A. G. (2017). Prospects for petcoke utilization with CO2 capture in Mexico. Energy procedia, 142, 3517-3523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.239

© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This paper evaluates the introduction of carbon capture and storage (CCS) to Mexico. The gasification technology is presented as a potential alternative to be applied into refinery plants due to high pet... Read More about Prospects for petcoke utilization with CO2 capture in Mexico.

Part-load performance of direct-firing and co-firing of coal and biomass in a power generation system integrated with a CO2 capture and compression system (2017)
Journal Article
Ali, U., Akram, M., Font-Palma, C., Ingham, D. B., & Pourkashanian, M. (2017). Part-load performance of direct-firing and co-firing of coal and biomass in a power generation system integrated with a CO2 capture and compression system. Fuel, 210, 873-884. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2017.09.023

Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) is recognised as a key technology to mitigate CO2 emissions and achieve stringent climate targets due to its potential for negative emissions. However, the cost for its deployment is expected to be hi... Read More about Part-load performance of direct-firing and co-firing of coal and biomass in a power generation system integrated with a CO2 capture and compression system.

Evaluation of a micro gas turbine with post-combustion CO2 capture for exhaust gas recirculation potential with two experimentally validated models (2017)
Conference Proceeding
Somehsaraei, H. N., Ali, U., Font-Palma, C., Majoumerd, M. M., Akram, M., Pourkashanian, M., & Assadi, M. (2017). Evaluation of a micro gas turbine with post-combustion CO2 capture for exhaust gas recirculation potential with two experimentally validated models. In Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition (GT2017). Volume 3: Coal, Biomass & Alternative Fuels; Cycle Innovations; Electric Power; Industrial & Cogeneration; Organic Rankine Cycle Power Systemshttps://doi.org/10.1115/GT2017-63551

The growing global energy demand is facing concerns raised by increasing greenhouse gas emissions, predominantly CO2. Despite substantial progress in the field of renewable energy in recent years, quick balancing responses and back-up services are st... Read More about Evaluation of a micro gas turbine with post-combustion CO2 capture for exhaust gas recirculation potential with two experimentally validated models.

Comparative potential of natural gas, coal and biomass fired power plant with post - combustion CO2 capture and compression (2017)
Journal Article
Ali, U., Font-Palma, C., Akram, M., Agbonghae, E. O., Ingham, D. B., & Pourkashanian, M. (2017). Comparative potential of natural gas, coal and biomass fired power plant with post - combustion CO2 capture and compression. International journal of greenhouse gas control, 63, 184-193. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijggc.2017.05.022

© 2017 Elsevier Ltd The application of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and carbon neutral techniques should be adopted to reduce the CO2 emissions from power generation systems. These environmental concerns have renewed interest towards the use of b... Read More about Comparative potential of natural gas, coal and biomass fired power plant with post - combustion CO2 capture and compression.

Benchmarking of a micro gas turbine model integrated with post-combustion CO 2 capture (2017)
Journal Article
Ali, U., Font-Palma, C., Nikpey Somehsaraei, H., Mansouri Majoumerd, M., Akram, M., Finney, K. N., …Pourkashanian, M. (2017). Benchmarking of a micro gas turbine model integrated with post-combustion CO 2 capture. Energy, 126, 475-487. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.03.040

© 2017 The deployment of post-combustion CO2 capture on large-scale gas-fired power plants is currently progressing, hence the integration of the power and capture plants requires a good understanding of operational requirements and limitations to su... Read More about Benchmarking of a micro gas turbine model integrated with post-combustion CO 2 capture.

Integrated oxyfuel power plant with improved CO2 separation and compression technology for EOR application (2016)
Journal Article
Font-Palma, C., Errey, O., Corden, C., Chalmers, H., Lucquiaud, M., Sanchez del Rio, M., …Pourkashanian, M. (2016). Integrated oxyfuel power plant with improved CO2 separation and compression technology for EOR application. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 103(Part B), 455-465. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psep.2016.06.024

An integrated advanced supercritical coal-fired oxyfuel power plant with a novel cryogenic CO2 separation and compression technology for high purity CO2 to suit injection for Enhanced Oil Recovery purposes is investigated. The full process is modelle... Read More about Integrated oxyfuel power plant with improved CO2 separation and compression technology for EOR application.

Process simulation and thermodynamic analysis of a micro turbine with post-combustion CO2 capture and exhaust gas recirculation (2014)
Journal Article
Ali, U., Best, T., Finney, K. N., Palma, C. F., Hughes, K. J., Ingham, D. B., & Pourkashanian, M. (2014). Process simulation and thermodynamic analysis of a micro turbine with post-combustion CO2 capture and exhaust gas recirculation. Energy procedia, 63, 986-996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.107

With the effects of the emissions from power plants causing global climate change, the trend towards lower emission systems such as natural gas power plant is increasing. In this paper a Turbec T100 micro gas turbine is studied. The system is assesse... Read More about Process simulation and thermodynamic analysis of a micro turbine with post-combustion CO2 capture and exhaust gas recirculation.

Experimental and process modelling study of integration of a micro-turbine with an amine plant (2014)
Journal Article
Agbonghae, E. O., Best, T., Finney, K. N., Palma, C. F., Hughes, K. J., & Pourkashanian, M. (2014). Experimental and process modelling study of integration of a micro-turbine with an amine plant. Energy procedia, 63, 1064-1073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.114

An integrated model of a micro-turbine coupled to a CO2 capture plant has been developed with Aspen Plus, and validated with experimental data obtained from a Turbec T100 microturbine at the PACT facilities in the UKCCS Research Centre, Beighton, UK.... Read More about Experimental and process modelling study of integration of a micro-turbine with an amine plant.

Inorganic constituents formed during small-scale gasification of poultry litter: A model based study (2013)
Journal Article
Font Palma, C., & Martin, A. D. (2013). Inorganic constituents formed during small-scale gasification of poultry litter: A model based study. Fuel Processing Technology, 116, 300-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2013.07.018

Europe's vast poultry industry requires a proper waste management in order to comply with environmental regulations. As a result, poultry litter represents a potential fuel candidate for thermal conversion technologies since it is an available source... Read More about Inorganic constituents formed during small-scale gasification of poultry litter: A model based study.

Modelling of tar formation and evolution for biomass gasification: A review (2013)
Journal Article
Font Palma, C. (2013). Modelling of tar formation and evolution for biomass gasification: A review. Applied energy, 111, 129-141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.04.082

Many by-products are generated during gasification, such as tar, NOx, SO2, and fly ash. In particular, tar elimination from the product gas is necessary to make gasification an attractive option. The presence of tar can cause operational problems to... Read More about Modelling of tar formation and evolution for biomass gasification: A review.