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On a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles (2017)
Journal Article
Popova, E., Zharkova, V., Shepherd, S., & Zharkov, S. (2018). On a role of quadruple component of magnetic field in defining solar activity in grand cycles. Journal of atmospheric and solar-terrestrial physics, 176, 61-68. doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2017.05.006

In this paper we revise our prediction of solar activity using a solar background magnetic field as a proxy by the inclusion of eigen vectors of solar magnetic waves produced by quadruple magnetic sources, in addition to the principal eigen modes gen... Read More

Heartbeat of the Sun from principal component analysis and prediction of solar activity on a millenium timescale (2015)
Journal Article
Zharkova, V. V., Shepherd, S. J., Popova, E., Zharkov, S. I., Shepherd, S., Zharkov, S., …Zharkova, V. (2015). Heartbeat of the Sun from principal component analysis and prediction of solar activity on a millenium timescale. Scientific reports, 5(1), doi:10.1038/srep15689. ISSN 2045-2322

We derive two principal components (PCs) of temporal magnetic field variations over the solar cycles 21–24 from full disk magnetograms covering about 39% of data variance, with σ = 0.67. These PCs are attributed to two main magnetic waves travelling... Read More