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Dr Thomas Breithaupt


Daily activity rhythms, chronotypes, and risk-taking behavior in the signal crayfish (2021)
Journal Article
Sbragaglia, V., & Breithaupt, T. (in press). Daily activity rhythms, chronotypes, and risk-taking behavior in the signal crayfish. Current Zoology, 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/cz/zoab023

Consistent inter-individual differences in daily activity rhythms (i.e., chronotypes) can have ecological consequences in determining access to food resources and avoidance of predators. The most common measure to characterize chronotypes in animals... Read More about Daily activity rhythms, chronotypes, and risk-taking behavior in the signal crayfish.

Using DNA metabarcoding to investigate diet and niche partitioning in the native European otter (Lutra lutra) and invasive American mink (Neovison vison) (2020)
Journal Article
Harper, L. R., Watson, H. V., Donnelly, R., Hampshire, R., Sayer, C. D., Breithaupt, T., & Hänfling, B. (in press). Using DNA metabarcoding to investigate diet and niche partitioning in the native European otter (Lutra lutra) and invasive American mink (Neovison vison). Metabarcoding and Metagenomics, 4, Article e56087. https://doi.org/10.3897/mbmg.4.56087

In the UK, the native European otter (Lutra lutra) and invasive American mink (Neovison vison) have experienced concurrent declines and expansions. Currently, the otter is recovering from persecution and waterway pollution, whereas the mink is in dec... Read More about Using DNA metabarcoding to investigate diet and niche partitioning in the native European otter (Lutra lutra) and invasive American mink (Neovison vison).

Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding of pond water as a tool to survey conservation and management priority mammals (2019)
Journal Article
Ghazali, M., Harper, L. R., Lawson Handley, L., Carpenter, A. I., Murray-Dickson, G., Di Muri, C., …Hänfling, B. (2019). Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding of pond water as a tool to survey conservation and management priority mammals. Biological Conservation, 238(October 2019), Article 108225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108225

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding can identify terrestrial taxa utilising aquatic habitats alongside aquatic communities, but terrestrial species' eDNA dynamics are understudied. We evaluated eDNA metabarcoding for monitoring... Read More about Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding of pond water as a tool to survey conservation and management priority mammals.

Fighting over burrows : the emergence of dominance hierarchies in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) (2017)
Journal Article
Sbragaglia, V., Leiva, D., Arias, A., Garcia, J. A., Aguzzi, J., & Breithaupt, T. (2017). Fighting over burrows : the emergence of dominance hierarchies in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus). The journal of experimental biology, 220(24), 4624-4633. https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.165969

Animals fight over resources such as mating partners, territory, food or shelter and repeated contests lead to stable social hierarchies in different phyla. The group dynamics of hierarchy formation are not characterized in the Norway lobsters (Nephr... Read More about Fighting over burrows : the emergence of dominance hierarchies in the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus).

Sensitivity of Pagurus bernhardus (L.) to substrate-borne vibration and anthropogenic noise (2015)
Journal Article
Roberts, L., Cheesman, S., Elliott, M., & Breithaupt, T. (2016). Sensitivity of Pagurus bernhardus (L.) to substrate-borne vibration and anthropogenic noise. Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology, 474, 185-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2015.09.014

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. Despite the prevalence of vibration produced by anthropogenic activities impacting the seabed there are few data and little information as to whether these are detected by crustaceans and whether they interfere with their behavio... Read More about Sensitivity of Pagurus bernhardus (L.) to substrate-borne vibration and anthropogenic noise.

Sensitivity of the mussel Mytilus edulis to substrate‑borne vibration in relation to anthropogenically generated noise (2015)
Journal Article
Roberts, L., Cheesman, S., Breithaupt, T., & Elliott, M. (2015). Sensitivity of the mussel Mytilus edulis to substrate‑borne vibration in relation to anthropogenically generated noise. Marine ecology progress series, 538, 185-195. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps11468

© 2015 Inter-Research. Many anthropogenic activities in the oceans involve direct contact with the seabed (for example pile driving), creating radiating particle motion waves. However, the consequences of these waveforms to marine organisms are large... Read More about Sensitivity of the mussel Mytilus edulis to substrate‑borne vibration in relation to anthropogenically generated noise.

The fecal odor of sick hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) mediates olfactory attraction of the tick Ixodes hexagonus (2011)
Journal Article
Bunnell, T., Hanisch, K., Hardege, J. D., & Breithaupt, T. (2011). The fecal odor of sick hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) mediates olfactory attraction of the tick Ixodes hexagonus. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 37(4), 340-347. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-011-9936-1

Parasite loads of animals vary among individuals, but the underlying mechanisms have not been fully identified. Here, we investigated whether health status of hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) is correlated with tick burden, and whether chemical cues l... Read More about The fecal odor of sick hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus) mediates olfactory attraction of the tick Ixodes hexagonus.

Interpreting odours in hermit crabs: A comparative study (2010)
Journal Article
Tricarico, E., Breithaupt, T., & Gherardi, F. (2011). Interpreting odours in hermit crabs: A comparative study. Estuarine, coastal and shelf science, 91(2), 211-215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2010.10.039

Odours of different sources can indicate to hermit crabs the availability of empty shells, crucial resources for the life cycle of almost all of them. Here, we compared Clibanarius erythropus and Pagurus bernhardus for the intensity of investigative... Read More about Interpreting odours in hermit crabs: A comparative study.

To signal or not to signal? Chemical communication by urine-borne signals mirrors sexual conflict in crayfish (2010)
Journal Article
Berry, F. C., & Breithaupt, T. (2010). To signal or not to signal? Chemical communication by urine-borne signals mirrors sexual conflict in crayfish. BMC biology, 8, Article 25. https://doi.org/10.1186/1741-7007-8-25

Background: Sexual selection theory predicts that females, being the limiting sex, invest less in courtship signals than males. However, when chemical signals are involved it is often the female that initiates mating by producing stimuli that inform... Read More about To signal or not to signal? Chemical communication by urine-borne signals mirrors sexual conflict in crayfish.

Maintenance of dominance is mediated by urinary chemical signals in male European lobsters, Homarus gammarus (2009)
Journal Article
Skog, M., Chandrapavan, A., Hallberg, E., & Breithaupt, T. (2009). Maintenance of dominance is mediated by urinary chemical signals in male European lobsters, Homarus gammarus. Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 42(2), 119-133. https://doi.org/10.1080/10236240902833729

We studied the relevance of urine cues in Homarus gammarus dominance maintenance, hypothesising that urinary signals are necessary to mediate recognition of former opponents. Males in size-matched pairs interacted on two consecutive days with or with... Read More about Maintenance of dominance is mediated by urinary chemical signals in male European lobsters, Homarus gammarus.