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Dr John Toner

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John Toner

Lecturer in Sports Coaching and Performance


The effect of bio-banding on physical and psychological indicators of talent identification in academy soccer players (2020)
Journal Article
Towlson, C., MacMaster, C., Gonçalves, B., Sampaio, J., Toner, J., MacFarlane, N., …Abt, G. (in press). The effect of bio-banding on physical and psychological indicators of talent identification in academy soccer players. Science and Medicine in Football, https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2020.1862419

The aim of this study was to examine the effect of bio-banding on indicators of talent identification in academy soccer players. Seventy-two 11 to 14-year-old soccer players were bio-banded using percentage of estimated adult stature attainment (week... Read More about The effect of bio-banding on physical and psychological indicators of talent identification in academy soccer players.

Pleasant emotions widen thought-action repertoires, develop long-term resources, and improve reaction time performance: A multi-study examination of the Broaden-and-Build theory among athletes (2020)
Journal Article
Nicholls, A., Thompson, M., & Toner, J. (in press). Pleasant emotions widen thought-action repertoires, develop long-term resources, and improve reaction time performance: A multi-study examination of the Broaden-and-Build theory among athletes. Journal of sport & exercise psychology,

We investigated relationships between emotions, coping, and resilience across two studies. In Study 1a, 319 athletes completed dispositional questionnaires relating to the abovementioned constructs. In Study 1b 126 athletes from Study 1a repeated the... Read More about Pleasant emotions widen thought-action repertoires, develop long-term resources, and improve reaction time performance: A multi-study examination of the Broaden-and-Build theory among athletes.

Stress appraisals influence athletic performance and psychophysiological response during 16.1 km cycling time trials (2020)
Journal Article
Thompson, M. A., Toner, J., Perry, J. L., Burke, R., & Nicholls, A. R. (2020). Stress appraisals influence athletic performance and psychophysiological response during 16.1 km cycling time trials. Psychology of sport and exercise, 49(July), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101682

Objectives: We examined how stress appraisals were associated with emotions, coping behaviours, as well as subjective and objective measures of performance. Design: Prospective field- and laboratory-based studies. Methods: In Study 1, 192 athletes... Read More about Stress appraisals influence athletic performance and psychophysiological response during 16.1 km cycling time trials.

The prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors on technical refinement amongst highly-skilled tennis players (2018)
Journal Article
Toner, J., Carson, H. J., Collins, D., & Nicholls, A. (in press). The prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors on technical refinement amongst highly-skilled tennis players. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-17. doi:10.1080/1612197x.2018.1511621

The present study investigated the prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors amongst a sample of highly-skilled athletes who had previously attempted to refine their technique. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with eight t... Read More about The prevalence and influence of psychosocial factors on technical refinement amongst highly-skilled tennis players.

Habitual reflexivity and skilled action (2017)
Journal Article
Toner, J. (2017). Habitual reflexivity and skilled action. Body and Society, 23(4), 3-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/1357034X17736371

Theorists have used the concept habitus to explain how skilled agents are capable of responding in an infinite number of ways to the infinite number of possible situations that they encounter in their field of practice. According to some perspectives... Read More about Habitual reflexivity and skilled action.

Reflective and prereflective bodily awareness in skilled action. (2016)
Journal Article
Toner, J., Montero, B. G., & Moran, A. (2016). Reflective and prereflective bodily awareness in skilled action. Psychology of consciousness theory, research, and practice, 3(4), 303-315. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000090

A number of influential theories of skill acquisition posit that the performing body is an absent presence during “habitualized” action. The current article counters this claim by drawing on a wide range of empirical and phenomenological evidence to... Read More about Reflective and prereflective bodily awareness in skilled action..

Surveillance technologies as instruments of discipline in the elite sports coaching context: a cautionary post-structural commentary (2016)
Journal Article
Jones, L., & Toner, J. Surveillance technologies as instruments of discipline in the elite sports coaching context: a cautionary post-structural commentary. Sensoria : a journal of mind, brain and culture, 12(2), 13-21. https://doi.org/10.7790/sa.v12i2.439

The use of surveillance technologies as tools to encourage performance enhancement has become an accepted component of elite coaching. Those from the communities of sports physiology, psychology and biomechanics who promote the application of surveil... Read More about Surveillance technologies as instruments of discipline in the elite sports coaching context: a cautionary post-structural commentary.

Toward an explanation of continuous improvement in expert athletes: The role of consciousness in deliberate practice (2015)
Journal Article
Toner, J., & Moran, A. (2015). Toward an explanation of continuous improvement in expert athletes: The role of consciousness in deliberate practice. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 46(6), 666-675. https://doi.org/10.7352/IJSP.2015.46.666

In a body of research spanning three decades, Janet Starkes and her colleagues have produced a wealth of empirical evidence on the importance of deliberate practice in the development of elite performers. Within this corpus of work, a number of studi... Read More about Toward an explanation of continuous improvement in expert athletes: The role of consciousness in deliberate practice.

The perils of automaticity (2015)
Journal Article
Toner, J., Montero, B. G., & Moran, A. (2015). The perils of automaticity. Review of general psychology, 19(4), 431-442. https://doi.org/10.1037/gpr0000054

Classical theories of skill acquisition propose that automatization (i.e., performance requires progressively less attention as experience is acquired) is a defining characteristic of expertise in a variety of domains (e.g., Fitts & Posner, 1967). Au... Read More about The perils of automaticity.