Skip to main content

Numerical and experimental studies of excitation force approximation for wave energy conversion

Guo, Bingyong; Patton, Ron J.; Jin, Siya; Lan, Jianglin


Bingyong Guo

Siya Jin

Jianglin Lan


Guo Bingyong
Contact Person

Patton Ronald

Jin Siya

Lan Jianglin


Past or/and future information of the excitation force is useful for real-time power maximisation control of Wave Energy Converter (WEC) systems. Current WEC modelling approaches assume that the wave excitation force is accessible and known. However, it is not directly measurable for oscillating bodies. This study aims to provide accurate approximations of the excitation force for the purpose of enhancing the effectiveness of WEC control. In this work, three approaches are proposed to approximate the excitation force, by (i) identifying the excitation force from wave elevation, (ii) estimating the excitation force from the measurements of pressure, acceleration and displacement, (iii) observing the excitation force via an unknown input observer. These methods are compared with each other to discuss their advantages, drawbacks and application scenarios. To validate and compare the performance of the proposed methods, a 1/50 scale heaving point absorber WEC was tested in a wave tank under variable wave scenarios. The experimental data were in accordance with the excita-tion force approximations in both the frequency-and time-domains based upon both regular and irregular wave excitation. Although the experimental data were post-processed for model verification, these approaches can be applied for real-time power maximisation control with excitation force prediction.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Sep 1, 2018
Print ISSN 0960-1481
Electronic ISSN 1879-0682
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 125
Pages 877-889
APA6 Citation Guo, B., Patton, R. J., Jin, S., & Lan, J. (2018). Numerical and experimental studies of excitation force approximation for wave energy conversion. Renewable energy, 125, 877-889.
Keywords Excitation force modelling; Model verification; Wave energy conversion; System identification; Unknown input observer; Wave tank tests
Publisher URL
Related Public URLs


Article (1.6 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

You might also like

Downloadable Citations