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Health data driven on continuous blood pressure prediction based on gradient boosting decision tree algorithm

Zhang, Bing; Ren, Jiadong; Wang, Bing; Cheng, Yongqiang; Wei, Zhiyao

Authors

Bing Zhang

Jiadong Ren

Zhiyao Wei



Abstract

Diseases related to issues with blood pressure are becoming a major threat to human health. With the development of telemedicine monitoring applications, a growing number of corresponding devices are being marketed, such as the usage of remote monitoring for the purposes of increasing the autonomy of the elderly and thus encouraging a healthier and longer health span. Using the machine learning algorithms to measure blood pressure at a continuous rate is a feasible way to provide models and analysis for telemedicine monitoring data and predicting blood pressure. For this paper, we applied the gradient boosting decision tree (GBDT) whilst predicting blood pressure rates based on the human physiological data collected by the EIMO device. EIMO equipment specific signal acquisition includes: ECG, PPG. In order to avoid over-fitting, the optimal parameters are selected via the cross-validation method. Consequently, our method has displayed a higher accuracy rate and better performance in calculating the mean absolute error evaluation index than methods such as: the traditional Least squares method, Ridge regression, Lasso regression, ElasticNet, SVR and KNN algorithm. When predicting the blood pressure of a single individual, calculating the systolic pressure displays an accuracy rate of above 70% and above 64% for calculating diastolic pressure with GBDT, with the prediction time being less than 0.1s. In conclusion, applying the GBDT is the best method for predicting the blood pressure of multiple individuals: with the inclusion of data such as age, body fat, ratio and height, algorithm accuracy improves, which in turn indicates that the inclusion of new features aids prediction performance.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2019
Journal IEEE access : practical innovations, open solutions
Print ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Pages 32423 - 32433
APA6 Citation Zhang, B., Ren, J., Wang, B., Cheng, Y., & Wei, Z. (2019). Health data driven on continuous blood pressure prediction based on gradient boosting decision tree algorithm. IEEE access : practical innovations, open solutions, 7, 32423 - 32433. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2902217
DOI https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2902217
Keywords General engineering; General materials science; General computer science
Publisher URL https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8662767

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