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Health data driven on continuous blood pressure prediction based on gradient boosting decision tree algorithm

Zhang, Bing; Ren, Jiadong; Wang, Bing; Cheng, Yongqiang; Wei, Zhiyao


Bing Zhang

Jiadong Ren

Yongqiang Cheng

Zhiyao Wei


Diseases related to issues with blood pressure are becoming a major threat to human health. With the development of telemedicine monitoring applications, a growing number of corresponding devices are being marketed, such as the use of remote monitoring for the purposes of increasing the autonomy of the elderly and thus encouraging a healthier and longer health span. Using machine learning algorithms to measure blood pressure at a continuous rate is a feasible way to provide models and analysis for telemedicine monitoring data and predicting blood pressure. For this paper, we applied the gradient boosting decision tree (GBDT) while predicting blood pressure rates based on the human physiological data collected by the EIMO device. EIMO equipment-specific signal acquisition includes ECG and PPG. In order to avoid over-fitting, the optimal parameters are selected via the cross-validation method. Consequently, our method has displayed a higher accuracy rate and better performance in calculating the mean absolute error evaluation index than methods, such as the traditional least squares method, ridge regression, lasso regression, ElasticNet, SVR, and KNN algorithm. When predicting the blood pressure of a single individual, calculating the systolic pressure displays an accuracy rate of above 70% and above 64% for calculating the diastolic pressure with GBDT, with the prediction time being less than 0.1 s. In conclusion, applying the GBDT is the best method for predicting the blood pressure of multiple individuals: with the inclusion of data such as age, body fat, ratio, and height, algorithm accuracy improves, which in turn indicates that the inclusion of new features aids prediction performance.


Zhang, B., Ren, J., Wang, B., Cheng, Y., & Wei, Z. (2019). Health data driven on continuous blood pressure prediction based on gradient boosting decision tree algorithm. IEEE Access, 7, 32423-32433.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 19, 2019
Online Publication Date Mar 7, 2019
Publication Date 2019
Deposit Date Mar 10, 2019
Publicly Available Date Mar 11, 2019
Journal IEEE Access
Electronic ISSN 2169-3536
Publisher Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 7
Pages 32423-32433
Keywords General engineering; General materials science; General computer science
Public URL
Publisher URL


Article (963 Kb)

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