A comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the CO + NO reaction catalyzed by Au/Ni nanoparticles
Kyriakou, Georgios; Márquez, Antonio M.; Holgado, Juan P.; Taylor, Martin Joe; Wheatley, Andrew E. H.; Mehta, Joshua P.; Fernández Sanz, Javier; Beaumont, Simon K.; Lambert, Richard M.
Antonio M. Márquez
Juan P. Holgado
Dr Martin Taylor Martin.Taylor@hull.ac.uk
Postdoctoral Research Associate
Andrew E. H. Wheatley
Joshua P. Mehta
Javier Fernández Sanz
Simon K. Beaumont
Richard M. Lambert
The catalytic and structural properties of five different nanoparticle catalysts with varying Au/Ni composition were studied by six different methods, including in situ XAS and DFT calculations. The asprepared materials contained substantial amounts of residual capping agent arising from the commonly used synthetic procedure. Thorough removal of this material by oxidation was essential for the acquisition of valid catalytic data. All catalysts were highly selective towards N2 formation, with 50-50 Au:Ni material best of all. In situ XANES showed that although Au acted to moderate the oxidation state of Ni, there was no clear correlation between catalytic activity and nickel oxidation state. However, in situ EXAFS showed a good correlation between Au-Ni coordination number—highest for Ni50Au50— and catalytic activity. Importantly, these measurements also demonstrated substantial and reversible Au/Ni intermixing as a function of temperature between 550 °C (reaction temperature) and 150 °C, underlining the importance of in situ methods to the correct interpretation of reaction data. DFT calculations on smooth, stepped, monometallic and bimetallic surfaces showed that N+N recombination rather than NO dissociation was always rate-determining and that the activation barrier to recombination reaction decreased with increased Au content, thus accounting for the experimental observations. Across the entire composition range the oxidation state of Ni did not correlate with activity, in disagreement with earlier work, and theory showed that NiO itself should be catalytically inert. Au-Ni interactions were of paramount importance in promoting N+N recombination, the rate-limiting step.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Jun 7, 2019|
|Publisher||American Chemical Society|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Kyriakou, G., Márquez, A. M., Holgado, J. P., Taylor, M. J., Wheatley, A. E. H., Mehta, J. P., …Lambert, R. M. (2019). A comprehensive experimental and theoretical study of the CO + NO reaction catalyzed by Au/Ni nanoparticles. ACS Catalysis, 9(6), 4919-4929. https://doi.org/10.1021/acscatal.8b05154|
|Keywords||Bimetallic catalysts; In situ measurements; DFT; Active species; Effect of Au; Reaction mechanism|
This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited.
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Cover Picture: Ann. Phys. 2'2018