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Optimized high performance thermoelectric generator with combined segmented and asymmetrical legs under pulsed heat input power

Shittu, Samson; Li, Guiqiang; Zhao, Xudong; Ma, Xiaoli; Akhlaghi, Yousef Golizadeh; Ayodele, Emmanuel


Samson Shittu

Guiqiang Li

Yousef Golizadeh Akhlaghi

Emmanuel Ayodele


In this study, a segmented asymmetrical thermoelectric generator (SASTEG) is numerically investigated to optimize its electrical performance and mechanical reliability under transient and steady state conditions. The thermal and electrical performance of the SASTEG and TEG under transient and steady state heating conditions are studied and compared. A three-dimensional numerical model is developed and solved using finite element method in COMSOL 5.3 Multiphysics software. Temperature dependent thermoelectric material properties are considered, and the elastoplastic behaviour of copper and solder is accounted for in the thermal stress analysis. The initial SASTEG geometry used in this study is subsequently optimized to reduce the maximum von Mises stress developed in its legs while maintaining its enhanced power output. Results obtained show that the optimized SASTEG provided a power output enhancement of 117.11% compared to that of the conventional TEG under rectangular pulsed heat condition. Also, the asymmetrical leg geometry used in the SASTEG n-type leg provided a reduced thermal stress of 39.21% in the lower segment (cold side) compared to the symmetrical leg geometry used in the p-type leg lower segment. This study will provide vital guidance in the design of high-performance TEG with improved mechanical reliability.


Shittu, S., Li, G., Zhao, X., Ma, X., Akhlaghi, Y. G., & Ayodele, E. (2019). Optimized high performance thermoelectric generator with combined segmented and asymmetrical legs under pulsed heat input power. Journal of power sources, 428, 53-66.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 24, 2019
Online Publication Date Apr 30, 2019
Publication Date Jul 15, 2019
Deposit Date Apr 26, 2019
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Journal of Power Sources
Print ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 428
Pages 53-66
Keywords Pulsed heat power; Segmented thermoelectric generator; Asymmetrical leg; Thermal stress; Performance enhancement
Public URL
Publisher URL


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Copyright Statement
©2019, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

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