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Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

Bin Sayeed, Muhammad Shahdaat; Lozano, Rafael; Fullman, Nancy; Abate, Degu; Abay, Solomon M.; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbasi, Nooshin; Abbastabar, Hedayat; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdela, Jemal; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdel-Rahman, Omar; Abdi, Alireza; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi; Abebe, Nebiyu Dereje; Abebe, Zegeye; Abejie, Ayenew Negesse; Abera, Semaw F.; Abil, Olifan Zewdie; Aboyans, Victor; Abraha, Haftom Niguse; Abrham, Aklilu Roba; Abu-Raddad, Laith Jamal; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen Me; Abyu, Gebre Y.; Accrombessi, Manfred Mario Kokou; Acharya, Dilaram; Acharya, Pawan; Adamu, Abdu A.; Adebayo, Oladimeji M.; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adedoyin, Rufus Adesoji; Adekanmbi, Victor; Adetokunboh, Olatunji O.; Adhena, Beyene Meressa; Adhikari, Tara Ballav; Adib, Mina G.; Adou, Arsène Kouablan; Adsuar, Jose C.; Afarideh, Mohsen; Afshari, Mahdi; Afshin, Ashkan; Agarwal, Gina; Aghayan, Sargis Aghasi; Agius, Dominic; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Ahmadi, Alireza; Ahmadi, Mehdi; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Ahmed, Sayem; Akalu, Temesgen Yihunie; Akanda, Ali S.; Akbari, Mohammad Esmaeil; Akibu, Mohammed; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akinyemiju, Tomi; Akseer, Nadia; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Tahiya; Albujeer, Ammar; Alebel, Animut; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alhabib, Samia; Ali, Raghib; Alijanzadeh, Mehran; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Aljunid, Syed Mohamed; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, François; Allebeck, Peter; Allen, Christine A.; Almasi, Ali; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Mekhlafi, Hesham M.; Alonso, Jordi; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa M.; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amenu, Kebede; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Anber, Nahla Hamed; Anderson, Jason A.; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Androudi, Sofia; Animut, Megbaru Debalkie; Anjomshoa, Mina; Ansari, Hossein; Ansariadi, Ansariadi; Ansha, Mustafa Geleto; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Appiah, Lambert Tetteh; Aremu, Olatunde; Areri, Habtamu Abera; Ärnlöv, Johan; Arora, Monika; Aryal, Krishna K; Asayesh, Hamid; Asfaw, Ephrem Tsegay; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Assadi, Reza; Ataro, Zerihun; Atique, Suleman; Atre, Sachin R; Atteraya, Madhu Sudhan; Ausloos, Marcel; Avila-Burgos, Leticia; Avokpaho, Euripide F G A; Awasthi, Ashish; Ayala Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina; Ayele, Henok Tadesse; Ayele, Yohanes; Ayer, Rakesh; Azarpazhooh, Mahmoud Reza; Azzopardi, Peter S; Azzopardi-Muscat, Natasha; Babalola, Tesleem Kayode; Babazadeh, Arefeh; Badali, Hamid; Badawi, Alaa; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Bali, Ayele Geleto; Banach, Maciej; Banerjee, Amitava; Banoub, Joseph Adel Mattar; Banstola, Amrit; Barac, Aleksandra; Barboza, Miguel A; Barker-Collo, Suzanne Lyn; Bärnighausen, Till Winfried; Barrero, Lope H; Barthelemy, Celine M; Bassat, Quique; Basu, Arindam; Basu, Sanjay; Battista, Robert J; Baune, Bernhard T; Baynes, Habtamu Wondifraw; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Bedi, Neeraj; Beghi, Ettore; Behzadifar, Masoud; Behzadifar, Meysam; Béjot, Yannick; Bekele, Bayu Begashaw; Belachew, Abate Bekele; Belay, Aregawi Gebreyesus; Belay, Saba Abraham; Belay, Yihalem Abebe; Bell, Michelle L; Bello, Aminu K; Bennett, Derrick A; Bensenor, Isabela M; Benzian, Habib; Berhane, Adugnaw; Berhe, Abadi Kidanemariam; Berman, Adam E; Bernabe, Eduardo; Bernstein, Robert S; Bertolacci, Gregory J; Beuran, Mircea; Beyranvand, Tina; Bhala, Neeraj; Bhalla, Ashish; Bhansali, Anil; Bhattarai, Suraj; Bhaumik, Soumyadeep; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Biadgo, Belete; Biehl, Molly H; Bijani, Ali; Bikbov, Boris; Bililign, Nigus; Birlik, Sait Mentes; Birungi, Charles; Bitew, Helen; Bizuneh, Hailemichael; Negoi, Ruxandra Irina; Neupane, Subas; Newton, Charles Richard James; Bjertness, Espen; Bobasa, Eshetu Mulisa; Boufous, Soufiane; Ngalesoni, Frida N; Bozorgmehr, Kayvan; Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi; Brainin, Michael; Brant, Luisa C; Brauer, Michael; Brazinova, Alexandra; Breitborde, Nicholas J K; Briant, Paul Svitil; Britton, Gabrielle; Brugha, Traolach; Bukhman, Gene; Busse, Reinhard; Butt, Zahid A; Cahuana-Hurtado, Lucero; Callender, Charlton SKH; Campos-Nonato, Ismael R; Campuzano Rincon, Julio Cesar; Cano, Jorge; Car, Josip; Car, Mate; Cárdenas, Rosario; Carrero, Juan J; Carter, Austin; Carvalho, Félix; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A; Castillo Rivas, Jacqueline; Castro, Franz; Causey, Kate; Çavlin, Alanur; Cercy, Kelly M; Cerin, Ester; Chaiah, Yazan; Chalek, Julian; Chang, Hsing-Yi; Chang, Jung-Chen; Chattopadhyay, Aparajita; Chattu, Vijay Kumar; Chaturvedi, Pankaj; Chiang, Peggy Pei-Chia; Chin, Ken Lee; Chisumpa, Vesper Hichilombwe; Chitheer, Abdulaal; Choi, Jee-Young J; Chowdhury, Rajiv; Christensen, Hanne; Christopher, Devasahayam J; Chung, Sheng-Chia; Cicuttini, Flavia M; Ciobanu, Liliana G; Cirillo, Massimo; Claro, Rafael M; Claßen, Thomas Khaled Dwayne; Cohen, Aaron J; Collado-Mateo, Daniel; Cooper, Cyrus; Cooper, Leslie Trumbull; Cornaby, Leslie; Cortinovis, Monica; Costa, Megan; Cousin, Ewerton; Cromwell, Elizabeth A; Crowe, Christopher Stephen; Cunningham, Matthew; Daba, Alemneh Kabeta; Dadi, Abel Fekadu; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Dang, Anh Kim; Dargan, Paul I; Daryani, Ahmad; Das, Siddharth K; Das Gupta, Rajat; das Neves, José; Dasa, Tamirat Tesfaye; Dash, Aditya Prasad; Davis, Adrian C; Davitoiu, Dragos Virgil; Davletov, Kairat; Dayama, Anand; de Courten, Barbora; De Leo, Diego; De Neve, Jan-Walter; De Steur, Hans; Degefa, Meaza Girma; Degenhardt, Louisa; Degfie, Tizta Tilahun; Deiparine, Selina; Dellavalle, Robert P; Demoz, Gebre Teklemariam; Demtsu, Balem; Denova-Gutiérrez, Edgar; Deribe, Kebede; Dervenis, Nikolaos; Dessie, Getenet Ayalew; Dey, Subhojit; Dharmaratne, Samath D; Dhimal, Meghnath; Dicker, Daniel; Dinberu, Mesfin Tadese; Ding, Eric L; Djalalinia, Shirin; Do, Huyen Phuc; Dokova, Klara; Doku, David Teye; Douwes-Schultz, Dirk; Driscoll, Tim Robert; Duan, Leilei; Dubey, Manisha; Dubljanin, Eleonora; Duken, Eyasu Ejeta; Duncan, Bruce B; Duraes, Andre R; Ebrahimpour, Soheil; Edvardsson, David; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Eldrenkamp, Erika; El-Khatib, Ziad; Elyazar, Iqbal RF; Enayati, Ahmadali; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Eskandarieh, Sharareh; Esteghamati, Alireza; Esteghamati, Sadaf; Estep, Kara; Fakhar, Mahdi; Fakhim, Hamed; Fanzo, Jessica; Faramarzi, Mahbobeh; Fareed, Mohammad; Farhadi, Farzaneh; Farid, Talha A; Farinha, Carla Sofia e Sá; Farioli, Andrea; Faro, Andre; Farvid, Maryam S; Farzadfar, Farshad; Farzaei, Mohammad Hosein; Farzam, Hossein; Fazaeli, Ali Akbar; Fazeli, Mir Sohail; Feigin, Valery L; Feigl, Andrea B; Fekadu, Wubalem; Feldman, Rachel; Fentahun, Netsanet; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fernandes, Eduarda; Fernandes, Joao C; Feyissa, Garumma Tolu; Fijabi, Daniel Obadare; Filip, Irina; Finegold, Samuel; Finger, Jonas David; Fischer, Florian; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Flor, Luisa Sorio; Foigt, Nataliya A; Foreman, Kyle J; Frank, Tahvi D; Franklin, Richard Charles; Fukumoto, Takeshi; Fukutaki, Kai; Fuller, John E; Fürst, Thomas; Furtado, João M; Gakidou, Emmanuela; Gallus, Silvano; Gankpe, Fortune Gbetoho; Gansevoort, Ron T; Garcia, Ana Cristina; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L; Garcia-Gordillo, Miguel A; Gardner, William M; Gebre, Abadi Kahsu; Gebre, Teshome; Gebregergs, Gebremedhin Berhe; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Gebremedhin, Amanuel Tesfay; Gebremichael, Bereket; Gebremichael, Teklu Gebrehiwo; Gelano, Tilayie Feto; Geleijnse, Johanna M; Geramo, Yilma Chisha Dea; Getachew, Sefonias; Gething, Peter W; Gezae, Kebede Embaye; Ghadami, Mohammad Rasoul; Ghadimi, Reza; Ghadiri, Keyghobad; Ghasemi-Kasman, Maryam; Ghiasvand, Hesam; Ghimire, Mamata; Ghoshal, Aloke Gopal; Giampaoli, Simona; Gill, Paramjit Singh; Gill, Tiffany K; Giussani, Giorgia; Gnedovskaya, Elena V; Goldberg, Ellen M; Goli, Srinivas; Gona, Philimon N; Goodridge, Amador; Gopalani, Sameer Vali; Gorman, Taren M; Goto, Atsushi; Goulart, Alessandra C; Goulart, Bárbara Niegia Garcia; Grada, Ayman; Griswold, Max G; Grosso, Giuseppe; Gugnani, Harish Chander C; Guillemin, Francis; Guimaraes, Andre Luiz Sena; Guo, Yuming; Gupta, Prakash C; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Rajeev; Gupta, Tanush; Ha, Giang Hai; Haagsma, Juanita A; Hachinski, Vladimir; Hafezi-Nejad, Nima; Haghparast Bidgoli, Hassan; Hagos, Tekleberhan B; Haile, Michael Tamene; Hailegiyorgis, Tewodros Tesfa; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Haj-Mirzaian, Arvin; Haj-Mirzaian, Arya; Hamadeh, Randah R; Hamidi, Samer; Hankey, Graeme J; Harb, Hilda L; Harikrishnan, Sivadasanpillai; Haririan, Hamidreza; Haro, Josep Maria; Hasan, Mehedi; Hassankhani, Hadi; Hassen, Hamid Yimam; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Hawley, Caitlin N; Hay, Simon I; He, Yihua; Hedayatizadeh-Omran, Akbar; Hegazy, Mohamed I; Heibati, Behzad; Heidari, Behnam; Heidari, Mohsen; Hendrie, Delia; Henok, Andualem; Heredia-Pi, Ileana; Herteliu, Claudiu; Heydarpour, Behzad; Heydarpour, Fatemeh; Heydarpour, Sousan; Hibstu, Desalegn T; Híjar, Martha; Hoek, Hans W; Hoffman, Daniel J; Hole, Michael K; Homaie Rad, Enayatollah; Hoogar, Praveen; Horita, Nobuyuki; Hosgood, H Dean; Hosseini, Seyed Mostafa; Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi; Hostiuc, Mihaela; Hostiuc, Sorin; Hotez, Peter J; Hoy, Damian G; Hsairi, Mohamed; Hsiao, Thomas; Hu, Guoqing; Huang, John J; Hughes, Caitlyn; Huynh, Chantal K; Igumbor, Ehimario U; Ikeda, Chad Thomas; Ilesanmi, Olayinka Stephen; Iqbal, Usman; Irvani, Seyed Sina Naghibi; Irvine, Caleb Mackay Salpeter; Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful; Islami, Farhad; Ivers, Rebecca Q; Izadi, Neda; Jacobsen, Kathryn H; Jahangiry, Leila; Jahanmehr, Nader; Jain, Sudhir Kumar; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo; Jalu, Moti Tolera; Jamal, Amr A; James, Spencer L; Jassal, Simerjot K; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Jayatilleke, Achala Upendra; Jeemon, Panniyammakal; Jha, Ravi Prakash; Jha, Vivekanand; Ji, John S; Johnson, Catherine O; Johnson, Sarah C; Jonas, Jost B; Jonnagaddala, Jitendra; Jorjoran Shushtari, Zahra; Joshi, Ankur; Jozwiak, Jacek Jerzy; Jungari, Suresh Banayya; Jürisson, Mikk; K, Madhanraj; Kabir, Zubair; Kadel, Rajendra; Kahsay, Amaha; Kahssay, Molla; Kalani, Rizwan; Kapil, Umesh; Karami, Manoochehr; Karami Matin, Behzad; Karanikolos, Marina; Karimi, Narges; Karimi, Seyed M; Karimi-Sari, Hamidreza; Kasaeian, Amir; Kassa, Dessalegn H; Kassa, Getachew Mullu; Kassa, Tesfaye Dessale; Kassa, Zemenu Yohannes; Kassebaum, Nicholas J; Katikireddi, Srinivasa Vittal; Kaul, Anil; Kawakami, Norito; Kazemi, Zhila; Karyani, Ali Kazemi; Kazi, Dhruv Satish; KC, Prakash; Kebede, Seifu; Keiyoro, Peter Njenga; Kemmer, Laura; Kemp, Grant Rodgers; Kengne, Andre Pascal; Keren, Andre; Kesavachandran, Chandrasekharan Nair; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khafaei, Behzad; Khafaie, Morteza Abdullatif; Khajavi, Alireza; Khalid, Nauman; Khalil, Ibrahim A; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb; Khan, Muhammad Ali; Khang, Young-Ho; Khanna, Tripti; Khater, Mona M; Khatony, Alireza; Khazaeipour, Zahra; Khazaie, Habibolah; Khoja, Abdullah T; Khosravi, Ardeshir; Khosravi, Mohammad Hossein; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar A; Kiarie, Helen W; Kibret, Getiye D; Kiirithio, Daniel N; Kim, Daniel; Kim, Jun Y; Kim, Young-Eun; Kim, Yun Jin; Kimokoti, Ruth W; Kinfu, Yohannes; Kinra, Sanjay; Kisa, Adnan; Kissimova-Skarbek, Katarzyna; Kissoon, Niranjan; Kivimäki, Mika; Kocarnik, Jonathan M; Kochhar, Sonali; Kokubo, Yoshihiro; Kolola, Tufa; Kopec, Jacek A; Kosek, Margaret N; Kosen, Soewarta; Koul, Parvaiz A; Koyanagi, Ai; Kravchenko, Michael A; Krishan, Kewal; Krohn, Kristopher J; Kuate Defo, Barthelemy; Kucuk Bicer, Burcu; Kudom, Andreas A; Kulikoff, Xie Rachel; Kumar, G Anil; Kumar, Manasi; Kumar, Pushpendra; Kutz, Michael J; Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; Lachat, Carl; Lad, Deepesh P; Lad, Sheetal D; Lafranconi, Alessandra; Lagat, Abraham K; Lal, Dharmesh Kumar; Lalloo, Ratilal; Lam, Hilton; Lami, Faris Hasan; Lamichhane, Prabhat; Lan, Qing; Lang, Justin J; Lansingh, Van C; Lansky, Sonia; Larson, Heidi J; Larsson, Anders O; Laryea, Dennis Odai; Lassi, Zohra S; Latifi, Arman; Lau, Kathryn Mei-Ming; Laxmaiah, Avula; Lazarus, Jeffrey V; Leasher, Janet L; Lebedev, Georgy; Ledesma, Jorge R; Lee, James B; Lee, Paul H; Leever, Andrew T; Leigh, James; Leinsalu, Mall; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Leung, Janni; Lewycka, Sonia; Li, Shanshan; Li, Xiaohong; Li, Yichong; Liang, Juan; Liang, Xiaofeng; Liben, Misgan Legesse; Lim, Lee-Ling; Limenih, Miteku Andualem; Linn, Shai; Liu, Shiwei; Liu, Yang; Lodha, Rakesh; Logroscino, Giancarlo; Lopez, Alan D; Lorkowski, Stefan; Lotufo, Paulo A; Lucchesi, Lydia R; Lyons, Ronan A; Macarayan, Erlyn Rachelle King; Mackay, Mark T; Maddison, Emilie R; Madotto, Fabiana; Maghavani, Dhaval P; Magis-Rodriguez, Carlos; Mahotra, Narayan Bahadur; Majdan, Marek; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Mamun, Abdullah A; Manda, Ana-Laura; Mandarano-Filho, Luiz Garcia; Mangalam, Srikanth; Manguerra, Helena; Mansournia, Mohammad Ali; Mapoma, Chabila Christopher; Maravilla, Joemer C; Marcenes, Wagner; Marks, Ashley; Martin, Randall V; Martins, Sheila C O; Martins-Melo, Francisco Rogerlândio; Martopullo, Ira; Mashamba-Thompson, Tivani Phosa; Massenburg, Benjamin Ballard; Mathur, Manu Raj; Maulik, Pallab K; Mazidi, Mohsen; McAlinden, Colm; McGrath, John J; McKee, Martin; McMahon, Brian J; Mehata, Suresh; Mehndiratta, Man Mohan; Mehrotra, Ravi; Mehta, Kala M; Mehta, Varshil; Mejia-Rodriguez, Fabiola; Mekonen, Tesfa; Mekonnen, Tefera C Chane; Meles, Hagazi Gebre; Melese, Addisu; Melku, Mulugeta; Memiah, Peter T N; Memish, Ziad A; Mendoza, Walter; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mengistu, Getnet; Mensah, George A; Mensink, Gert B M; Mereta, Seid Tiku; Meretoja, Atte; Meretoja, Tuomo J; Mestrovic, Tomislav; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Miazgowski, Bartosz; Miazgowski, Tomasz; Millear, Anoushka I; Miller, Ted R; Miller-Petrie, Molly Katherine; Milne, George J; Mini, G K; Minnig, Shawn P; Mirabi, Parvaneh; Mirarefin, Mojde; Mirrakhimov, Erkin M; Misganaw, Awoke Temesgen; Mitchell, Philip B; Moazen, Babak; Moghadamnia, Ali Akbar; Mohajer, Bahram; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammadi, Moslem; Mohammadifard, Noushin; Mohammadnia-Afrouzi, Mousa; Mohammed, Mohammed A; Mohammed, Shafiu; Mohan, Murali B V; Mohan, Viswanathan; Mohebi, Farnam; Moitra, Modhurima; Mokdad, Ali H; Molokhia, Mariam; Monasta, Lorenzo; Montañez, Julio Cesar; Moosazadeh, Mahmood; Moradi, Ghobad; Moradi, Mahmoudreza; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Moradinazar, Mehdi; Moraga, Paula; Morawska, Lidia; Morgado-da-Costa, Joana; Morisaki, Naho; Morrison, Shane Douglas; Mosapour, Abbas; Moschos, Marilita M; Mountjoy-Venning, W Cliff; Mouodi, Simin; Mousavi, Seyyed Meysam; Muche, Achenef Asmamaw; Muchie, Kindie Fentahun; Mueller, Ulrich Otto; Muhammed, Oumer Sada S; Mukhopadhyay, Satinath; Mullany, Erin C; Muller, Kate; Mumford, John Everett; Murhekar, Manoj; Murthy, G V S; Murthy, Srinivas; Musa, Jonah; Musa, Kamarul Imran; Mustafa, Ghulam; Muthupandian, Saravanan; Nabhan, Ashraf F; Nachega, Jean B; Nagarajan, Ahamarshan Jayaraman; Nagel, Gabriele; Naghavi, Mohsen; Naheed, Aliya; Ngunjiri, Josephine W; Bourne, Rupert; Nguyen, Anh; Nguyen, Grant; Nguyen, Ha; Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi; Nguyen, Huong Thanh; Nguyen, Minh; Nichols, Emma; Biswas, Tuhin; Naidoo, Kovin; Nascimento, Bruno Ramos; Nawaz, Haseeb; Neamati, Nahid; Negoi, Ionut; Bisanzio, Donal; Nahvijou, Azin; Nam, Hae Sung; Naldi, Luigi; Najafi, Farid; Naik, Gurudatta; Naik, Nitish; Nangia, Vinay; Nansseu, Jobert Richie; Nigatu, Solomon Gedlu; Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini; Nixon, Molly R; Nirayo, Yirga Legesse; Nisar, Muhammad Imran; Nolutshungu, Nomonde; Nomura, Marika; Norheim, Ole F; Noroozi, Mehdi; Norrving, Bo; Noubiap, Jean Jacques; Nouri, Hamid Reza; Nourollahpour Shiadeh, Malihe; Nowroozi, Mohammad Reza; Nyasulu, Peter S; Obermeyer, Carla Makhlouf; Ofori-Asenso, Richard; Ogah, Okechukwu Samuel; Ogbo, Felix Akpojene; Oh, In-Hwan; Okoro, Anselm; Oladimeji, Kelechi E; Oladimeji, Olanrewaju; Olagunju, Andrew T; Olagunju, Tinuke O; Olivares, Pedro R; Olsen, Helen Elizabeth; Olusanya, Bolajoko Olubukunola; Olusanya, Jacob Olusegun; Ong, Kanyin L; Ong, Sok King; Oommen, Anu Mary; Opio, John Nelson; Oren, Eyal; Oros, Andrei; Ortega-Altamirano, Doris D V; Ortiz, Alberto; Ortiz, Justin R; Ortiz-Panozo, Eduardo; Ota, Erika; Otstavnov, Stanislav S; Owolabi, Mayowa Ojo; P A, Mahesh; Pakhale, Smita; Pakhare, Abhijit P; Pan, Wen-Harn; Pana, Adrian; Panda, Basant Kumar; Panda-Jonas, Songhomitra; Pandian, Jeyaraj Durai; Papantoniou, Nikolaos; Park, Eun-Kee; Parry, Charles D H; Parsian, Hadi; Patel, Shanti; Pati, Sanghamitra; Patle, Ajay; Patton, George C; Paturi, Vishnupriya Rao; Paudel, Deepak; Paulson, Katherine R; Pearce, Neil; Peprah, Emmanuel K; Pereira, David M; Perico, Norberto; Pervaiz, Aslam; Pesudovs, Konrad; Petri, William A; Petzold, Max; Phillips, Michael R; Pigott, David M; Pillay, Julian David; Pirsaheb, Meghdad; Pletcher, Martin; Pond, Constance Dimity; Postma, Maarten J; Pourshams, Akram; Poustchi, Hossein; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj; Prakash, Swayam; Prasad, Narayan; Purcell, Caroline A; Pyakurel, Manita; Qorbani, Mostafa; Quansah, Reginald; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rafiei, Alireza; Rahim, Fakher; Rahimi, Kazem; Rahimi-Movaghar, Afarin; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rahman, Mahfuzar; Rahman, Md Shafiur; Rahman, Mohammad Hifz Ur; Rahman, Muhammad Aziz; Rahman, Sajjad ur; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rajati, Fatemeh; Rajsic, Sasa; Ram, Usha; Rana, Saleem M; Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal; Ranjan, Prabhat; Rasella, Davide; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Razo-García, Christian; Reddy, K Srinath; Reiner, Robert C; Reis, Cesar; Reitsma, Marissa B; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Renzaho, Andre M N; Resnikoff, Serge; Reynales-Shigematsu, Luz Myriam; Rezaei, Satar; Rezaeian, Shahab; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Riahi, Seyed Mohammad; Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz P; Rios-Blancas, Maria Jesus; Roba, Kedir Teji; Roberts, Nicholas L S; Roever, Leonardo; Ronfani, Luca; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Rostami, Ali; Roth, Gregory A; Roy, Ambuj; Rubagotti, Enrico; Ruhago, George Mugambage; Sabde, Yogesh Damodar; Sachdev, Perminder S; Saddik, Basema; Sadeghi, Ehsan; Safari, Hosein; Safari, Yahya; Safari-Faramani, Roya; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safi, Sare; Safiri, Saeid; Sagar, Rajesh; Sahebkar, Amirhossein; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Sajadi, Haniye Sadat; Salam, Nasir; Salama, Joseph S; Salamati, Payman; Saldanha, Raphael de Freitas; Saleem, Zikria; Salimi, Yahya; Salimzadeh, Hamideh; Salomon, Joshua A; Salvi, Sundeep Santosh; Salz, Inbal; Sambala, Evanson Zondani; Samy, Abdallah M; Sanabria, Juan; Sanchez-Niño, Maria Dolores; Santos, Itamar S; Santric Milicevic, Milena M; Sao Jose, Bruno Piassi; Sardana, Mayank; Sarker, Abdur Razzaque; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal; Sartorius, Benn; Sarvi, Shahabeddin; Sathian, Brijesh; Satpathy, Maheswar; Savic, Miloje; Sawant, Arundhati R; Sawhney, Monika; Saxena, Sonia; Saylan, Mete; Sayyah, Mehdi; Schaeffner, Elke; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Schneider, Ione J C; Schöttker, Ben; Schutte, Aletta Elisabeth; Schwebel, David C; Schwendicke, Falk; Seedat, Soraya; Sekerija, Mario; Sepanlou, Sadaf G; Serván-Mori, Edson; Seyedmousavi, Seyedmojtaba; Shabaninejad, Hosein; Shackelford, Katya Anne; Shafieesabet, Azadeh; Shaheen, Amira A; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shams-Beyranvand, Mehran; Shamsi, Mohammad Bagher; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Sharafi, Heidar; Sharafi, Kiomars; Sharif, Mehdi; Sharif-Alhoseini, Mahdi; Sharma, Jayendra; Sharma, Rajesh; Sharma, Sharad Kumar; She, Jun; Sheikh, Aziz; Shey, Muki Shehu; Shi, Peilin; Shibuya, Kenji

Authors

Muhammad Shahdaat Bin Sayeed

Rafael Lozano

Nancy Fullman

Degu Abate

Solomon M. Abay

Cristiana Abbafati

Nooshin Abbasi

Hedayat Abbastabar

Foad Abd-Allah

Jemal Abdela

Ahmed Abdelalim

Omar Abdel-Rahman

Alireza Abdi

Ibrahim Abdollahpour

Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader

Nebiyu Dereje Abebe

Zegeye Abebe

Ayenew Negesse Abejie

Semaw F. Abera

Olifan Zewdie Abil

Victor Aboyans

Haftom Niguse Abraha

Aklilu Roba Abrham

Laith Jamal Abu-Raddad

Niveen Me Abu-Rmeileh

Gebre Y. Abyu

Manfred Mario Kokou Accrombessi

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Alireza Ahmadi

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Temesgen Yihunie Akalu

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Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari

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Rufus Olusola Akinyemi

Tomi Akinyemiju

Nadia Akseer

Fares Alahdab

Ziyad Al-Aly

Khurshid Alam

Tahiya Alam

Ammar Albujeer

Animut Alebel

Kefyalew Addis Alene

Ayman Al-Eyadhy

Samia Alhabib

Raghib Ali

Mehran Alijanzadeh

Reza Alizadeh-Navaei

Syed Mohamed Aljunid

Ala'a Alkerwi

François Alla

Peter Allebeck

Christine A. Allen

Ali Almasi

Fatma Al-Maskari

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Jordi Alonso

Rajaa M. Al-Raddadi

Ubai Alsharif

Khalid Altirkawi

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Kebede Amenu

Erfan Amini

Walid Ammar

Nahla Hamed Anber

Jason A. Anderson

Catalina Liliana Andrei

Sofia Androudi

Megbaru Debalkie Animut

Mina Anjomshoa

Hossein Ansari

Ansariadi Ansariadi

Mustafa Geleto Ansha

Carl Abelardo T. Antonio

Palwasha Anwari

Lambert Tetteh Appiah

Olatunde Aremu

Habtamu Abera Areri

Johan Ärnlöv

Monika Arora

Krishna K Aryal

Hamid Asayesh

Ephrem Tsegay Asfaw

Solomon Weldegebreal Asgedom

Rana Jawad Asghar

Reza Assadi

Zerihun Ataro

Suleman Atique

Sachin R Atre

Madhu Sudhan Atteraya

Marcel Ausloos

Leticia Avila-Burgos

Euripide F G A Avokpaho

Ashish Awasthi

Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla

Henok Tadesse Ayele

Yohanes Ayele

Rakesh Ayer

Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh

Peter S Azzopardi

Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat

Tesleem Kayode Babalola

Arefeh Babazadeh

Hamid Badali

Alaa Badawi

Kalpana Balakrishnan

Ayele Geleto Bali

Maciej Banach

Amitava Banerjee

Joseph Adel Mattar Banoub

Amrit Banstola

Aleksandra Barac

Miguel A Barboza

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Lope H Barrero

Celine M Barthelemy

Quique Bassat

Arindam Basu

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Bernhard T Baune

Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes

Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi

Neeraj Bedi

Ettore Beghi

Masoud Behzadifar

Meysam Behzadifar

Yannick Béjot

Bayu Begashaw Bekele

Abate Bekele Belachew

Aregawi Gebreyesus Belay

Saba Abraham Belay

Yihalem Abebe Belay

Michelle L Bell

Aminu K Bello

Derrick A Bennett

Isabela M Bensenor

Habib Benzian

Adugnaw Berhane

Abadi Kidanemariam Berhe

Adam E Berman

Eduardo Bernabe

Robert S Bernstein

Gregory J Bertolacci

Mircea Beuran

Tina Beyranvand

Neeraj Bhala

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Anil Bhansali

Suraj Bhattarai

Soumyadeep Bhaumik

Zulfiqar A Bhutta

Belete Biadgo

Molly H Biehl

Ali Bijani

Boris Bikbov

Nigus Bililign

Sait Mentes Birlik

Charles Birungi

Helen Bitew

Hailemichael Bizuneh

Ruxandra Irina Negoi

Subas Neupane

Charles Richard James Newton

Espen Bjertness

Eshetu Mulisa Bobasa

Soufiane Boufous

Frida N Ngalesoni

Kayvan Bozorgmehr

Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

Michael Brainin

Luisa C Brant

Michael Brauer

Alexandra Brazinova

Nicholas J K Breitborde

Paul Svitil Briant

Gabrielle Britton

Traolach Brugha

Gene Bukhman

Reinhard Busse

Zahid A Butt

Lucero Cahuana-Hurtado

Charlton SKH Callender

Ismael R Campos-Nonato

Julio Cesar Campuzano Rincon

Jorge Cano

Josip Car

Mate Car

Rosario Cárdenas

Juan J Carrero

Austin Carter

Félix Carvalho

Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela

Jacqueline Castillo Rivas

Franz Castro

Kate Causey

Alanur Çavlin

Kelly M Cercy

Ester Cerin

Yazan Chaiah

Julian Chalek

Hsing-Yi Chang

Jung-Chen Chang

Aparajita Chattopadhyay

Vijay Kumar Chattu

Pankaj Chaturvedi

Peggy Pei-Chia Chiang

Ken Lee Chin

Vesper Hichilombwe Chisumpa

Abdulaal Chitheer

Jee-Young J Choi

Rajiv Chowdhury

Hanne Christensen

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Liliana G Ciobanu

Massimo Cirillo

Rafael M Claro

Thomas Khaled Dwayne Claßen

Aaron J Cohen

Daniel Collado-Mateo

Cyrus Cooper

Leslie Trumbull Cooper

Leslie Cornaby

Monica Cortinovis

Megan Costa

Ewerton Cousin

Elizabeth A Cromwell

Christopher Stephen Crowe

Matthew Cunningham

Alemneh Kabeta Daba

Abel Fekadu Dadi

Lalit Dandona

Rakhi Dandona

Anh Kim Dang

Paul I Dargan

Ahmad Daryani

Siddharth K Das

Rajat Das Gupta

José das Neves

Tamirat Tesfaye Dasa

Aditya Prasad Dash

Adrian C Davis

Dragos Virgil Davitoiu

Kairat Davletov

Anand Dayama

Barbora de Courten

Diego De Leo

Jan-Walter De Neve

Hans De Steur

Meaza Girma Degefa

Louisa Degenhardt

Tizta Tilahun Degfie

Selina Deiparine

Robert P Dellavalle

Gebre Teklemariam Demoz

Balem Demtsu

Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez

Kebede Deribe

Nikolaos Dervenis

Getenet Ayalew Dessie

Subhojit Dey

Samath D Dharmaratne

Meghnath Dhimal

Daniel Dicker

Mesfin Tadese Dinberu

Eric L Ding

Shirin Djalalinia

Huyen Phuc Do

Klara Dokova

David Teye Doku

Dirk Douwes-Schultz

Tim Robert Driscoll

Leilei Duan

Manisha Dubey

Eleonora Dubljanin

Eyasu Ejeta Duken

Bruce B Duncan

Andre R Duraes

Soheil Ebrahimpour

David Edvardsson

Charbel El Bcheraoui

Erika Eldrenkamp

Ziad El-Khatib

Iqbal RF Elyazar

Ahmadali Enayati

Aman Yesuf Endries

Babak Eshrati

Sharareh Eskandarieh

Alireza Esteghamati

Sadaf Esteghamati

Kara Estep

Mahdi Fakhar

Hamed Fakhim

Jessica Fanzo

Mahbobeh Faramarzi

Mohammad Fareed

Farzaneh Farhadi

Talha A Farid

Carla Sofia e Sá Farinha

Andrea Farioli

Andre Faro

Maryam S Farvid

Farshad Farzadfar

Mohammad Hosein Farzaei

Hossein Farzam

Ali Akbar Fazaeli

Mir Sohail Fazeli

Valery L Feigin

Andrea B Feigl

Wubalem Fekadu

Rachel Feldman

Netsanet Fentahun

Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad

Eduarda Fernandes

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Garumma Tolu Feyissa

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Florian Fischer

Christina Fitzmaurice

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Nataliya A Foigt

Kyle J Foreman

Tahvi D Frank

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Thomas Fürst

João M Furtado

Emmanuela Gakidou

Silvano Gallus

Fortune Gbetoho Gankpe

Ron T Gansevoort

Ana Cristina Garcia

Alberto L Garcia-Basteiro

Miguel A Garcia-Gordillo

William M Gardner

Abadi Kahsu Gebre

Teshome Gebre

Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs

Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot

Amanuel Tesfay Gebremedhin

Bereket Gebremichael

Teklu Gebrehiwo Gebremichael

Tilayie Feto Gelano

Johanna M Geleijnse

Yilma Chisha Dea Geramo

Sefonias Getachew

Peter W Gething

Kebede Embaye Gezae

Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami

Reza Ghadimi

Keyghobad Ghadiri

Maryam Ghasemi-Kasman

Hesam Ghiasvand

Mamata Ghimire

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Simona Giampaoli

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Giang Hai Ha

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Michael Tamene Haile

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Samer Hamidi

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Hilda L Harb

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Hamidreza Haririan

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Mehedi Hasan

Hadi Hassankhani

Hamid Yimam Hassen

Rasmus Havmoeller

Caitlin N Hawley

Simon I Hay

Yihua He

Akbar Hedayatizadeh-Omran

Mohamed I Hegazy

Behzad Heibati

Behnam Heidari

Mohsen Heidari

Delia Hendrie

Andualem Henok

Ileana Heredia-Pi

Claudiu Herteliu

Behzad Heydarpour

Fatemeh Heydarpour

Sousan Heydarpour

Desalegn T Hibstu

Martha Híjar

Hans W Hoek

Daniel J Hoffman

Michael K Hole

Enayatollah Homaie Rad

Praveen Hoogar

Nobuyuki Horita

H Dean Hosgood

Seyed Mostafa Hosseini

Mehdi Hosseinzadeh

Mihaela Hostiuc

Sorin Hostiuc

Peter J Hotez

Damian G Hoy

Mohamed Hsairi

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Guoqing Hu

John J Huang

Caitlyn Hughes

Chantal K Huynh

Ehimario U Igumbor

Chad Thomas Ikeda

Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi

Usman Iqbal

Seyed Sina Naghibi Irvani

Caleb Mackay Salpeter Irvine

Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam

Farhad Islami

Rebecca Q Ivers

Neda Izadi

Kathryn H Jacobsen

Leila Jahangiry

Nader Jahanmehr

Sudhir Kumar Jain

Mihajlo Jakovljevic

Moti Tolera Jalu

Amr A Jamal

Spencer L James

Simerjot K Jassal

Mehdi Javanbakht

Achala Upendra Jayatilleke

Panniyammakal Jeemon

Ravi Prakash Jha

Vivekanand Jha

John S Ji

Catherine O Johnson

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Jost B Jonas

Jitendra Jonnagaddala

Zahra Jorjoran Shushtari

Ankur Joshi

Jacek Jerzy Jozwiak

Suresh Banayya Jungari

Mikk Jürisson

Madhanraj K

Zubair Kabir

Rajendra Kadel

Amaha Kahsay

Molla Kahssay

Rizwan Kalani

Umesh Kapil

Manoochehr Karami

Behzad Karami Matin

Marina Karanikolos

Narges Karimi

Seyed M Karimi

Hamidreza Karimi-Sari

Amir Kasaeian

Dessalegn H Kassa

Getachew Mullu Kassa

Tesfaye Dessale Kassa

Zemenu Yohannes Kassa

Nicholas J Kassebaum

Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi

Anil Kaul

Norito Kawakami

Zhila Kazemi

Ali Kazemi Karyani

Dhruv Satish Kazi

Prakash KC

Seifu Kebede

Peter Njenga Keiyoro

Laura Kemmer

Grant Rodgers Kemp

Andre Pascal Kengne

Andre Keren

Chandrasekharan Nair Kesavachandran

Yousef Saleh Khader

Behzad Khafaei

Morteza Abdullatif Khafaie

Alireza Khajavi

Nauman Khalid

Ibrahim A Khalil

Ejaz Ahmad Khan

Muhammad Shahzeb Khan

Muhammad Ali Khan

Young-Ho Khang

Tripti Khanna

Mona M Khater

Alireza Khatony

Zahra Khazaeipour

Habibolah Khazaie

Abdullah T Khoja

Ardeshir Khosravi

Mohammad Hossein Khosravi

Jagdish Khubchandani

Aliasghar A Kiadaliri

Helen W Kiarie

Getiye D Kibret

Daniel N Kiirithio

Daniel Kim

Jun Y Kim

Young-Eun Kim

Yun Jin Kim

Ruth W Kimokoti

Yohannes Kinfu

Sanjay Kinra

Adnan Kisa

Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek

Niranjan Kissoon

Mika Kivimäki

Jonathan M Kocarnik

Sonali Kochhar

Yoshihiro Kokubo

Tufa Kolola

Jacek A Kopec

Margaret N Kosek

Soewarta Kosen

Parvaiz A Koul

Ai Koyanagi

Michael A Kravchenko

Kewal Krishan

Kristopher J Krohn

Barthelemy Kuate Defo

Burcu Kucuk Bicer

Andreas A Kudom

Xie Rachel Kulikoff

G Anil Kumar

Manasi Kumar

Pushpendra Kumar

Michael J Kutz

Hmwe Hmwe Kyu

Carl Lachat

Deepesh P Lad

Sheetal D Lad

Alessandra Lafranconi

Abraham K Lagat

Dharmesh Kumar Lal

Ratilal Lalloo

Hilton Lam

Faris Hasan Lami

Prabhat Lamichhane

Qing Lan

Justin J Lang

Van C Lansingh

Sonia Lansky

Heidi J Larson

Anders O Larsson

Dennis Odai Laryea

Zohra S Lassi

Arman Latifi

Kathryn Mei-Ming Lau

Avula Laxmaiah

Jeffrey V Lazarus

Janet L Leasher

Georgy Lebedev

Jorge R Ledesma

James B Lee

Paul H Lee

Andrew T Leever

James Leigh

Mall Leinsalu

Cheru Tesema Leshargie

Janni Leung

Sonia Lewycka

Shanshan Li

Xiaohong Li

Yichong Li

Juan Liang

Xiaofeng Liang

Misgan Legesse Liben

Lee-Ling Lim

Miteku Andualem Limenih

Shai Linn

Shiwei Liu

Yang Liu

Rakesh Lodha

Giancarlo Logroscino

Alan D Lopez

Stefan Lorkowski

Paulo A Lotufo

Lydia R Lucchesi

Ronan A Lyons

Erlyn Rachelle King Macarayan

Mark T Mackay

Emilie R Maddison

Fabiana Madotto

Dhaval P Maghavani

Carlos Magis-Rodriguez

Narayan Bahadur Mahotra

Marek Majdan

Reza Majdzadeh

Azeem Majeed

Reza Malekzadeh

Deborah Carvalho Malta

Abdullah A Mamun

Ana-Laura Manda

Luiz Garcia Mandarano-Filho

Srikanth Mangalam

Helena Manguerra

Mohammad Ali Mansournia

Chabila Christopher Mapoma

Joemer C Maravilla

Wagner Marcenes

Ashley Marks

Randall V Martin

Sheila C O Martins

Francisco Rogerlândio Martins-Melo

Ira Martopullo

Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson

Benjamin Ballard Massenburg

Manu Raj Mathur

Pallab K Maulik

Mohsen Mazidi

Colm McAlinden

John J McGrath

Martin McKee

Brian J McMahon

Suresh Mehata

Man Mohan Mehndiratta

Ravi Mehrotra

Kala M Mehta

Varshil Mehta

Fabiola Mejia-Rodriguez

Tesfa Mekonen

Tefera C Chane Mekonnen

Hagazi Gebre Meles

Addisu Melese

Mulugeta Melku

Peter T N Memiah

Ziad A Memish

Walter Mendoza

Desalegn Tadese Mengistu

Getnet Mengistu

George A Mensah

Gert B M Mensink

Seid Tiku Mereta

Atte Meretoja

Tuomo J Meretoja

Tomislav Mestrovic

Haftay Berhane Mezgebe

Bartosz Miazgowski

Tomasz Miazgowski

Anoushka I Millear

Ted R Miller

Molly Katherine Miller-Petrie

George J Milne

G K Mini

Shawn P Minnig

Parvaneh Mirabi

Mojde Mirarefin

Erkin M Mirrakhimov

Awoke Temesgen Misganaw

Philip B Mitchell

Babak Moazen

Ali Akbar Moghadamnia

Bahram Mohajer

Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad

Moslem Mohammadi

Noushin Mohammadifard

Mousa Mohammadnia-Afrouzi

Mohammed A Mohammed

Shafiu Mohammed

Murali B V Mohan

Viswanathan Mohan

Farnam Mohebi

Modhurima Moitra

Ali H Mokdad

Mariam Molokhia

Lorenzo Monasta

Julio Cesar Montañez

Mahmood Moosazadeh

Ghobad Moradi

Mahmoudreza Moradi

Maziar Moradi-Lakeh

Mehdi Moradinazar

Paula Moraga

Lidia Morawska

Joana Morgado-da-Costa

Naho Morisaki

Shane Douglas Morrison

Abbas Mosapour

Marilita M Moschos

W Cliff Mountjoy-Venning

Simin Mouodi

Seyyed Meysam Mousavi

Achenef Asmamaw Muche

Kindie Fentahun Muchie

Ulrich Otto Mueller

Oumer Sada S Muhammed

Satinath Mukhopadhyay

Erin C Mullany

Kate Muller

John Everett Mumford

Manoj Murhekar

G V S Murthy

Srinivas Murthy

Jonah Musa

Kamarul Imran Musa

Ghulam Mustafa

Saravanan Muthupandian

Ashraf F Nabhan

Jean B Nachega

Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan

Gabriele Nagel

Mohsen Naghavi

Aliya Naheed

Josephine W Ngunjiri

Rupert Bourne

Anh Nguyen

Grant Nguyen

Ha Nguyen

Huong Lan Thi Nguyen

Huong Thanh Nguyen

Minh Nguyen

Emma Nichols

Tuhin Biswas

Kovin Naidoo

Bruno Ramos Nascimento

Haseeb Nawaz

Nahid Neamati

Ionut Negoi

Donal Bisanzio

Azin Nahvijou

Hae Sung Nam

Luigi Naldi

Farid Najafi

Gurudatta Naik

Nitish Naik

Vinay Nangia

Jobert Richie Nansseu

Solomon Gedlu Nigatu

Dina Nur Anggraini Ningrum

Molly R Nixon

Yirga Legesse Nirayo

Muhammad Imran Nisar

Nomonde Nolutshungu

Marika Nomura

Ole F Norheim

Mehdi Noroozi

Bo Norrving

Jean Jacques Noubiap

Hamid Reza Nouri

Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh

Mohammad Reza Nowroozi

Peter S Nyasulu

Carla Makhlouf Obermeyer

Richard Ofori-Asenso

Okechukwu Samuel Ogah

Felix Akpojene Ogbo

In-Hwan Oh

Anselm Okoro

Kelechi E Oladimeji

Olanrewaju Oladimeji

Andrew T Olagunju

Tinuke O Olagunju

Pedro R Olivares

Helen Elizabeth Olsen

Bolajoko Olubukunola Olusanya

Jacob Olusegun Olusanya

Kanyin L Ong

Sok King Ong

Anu Mary Oommen

John Nelson Opio

Eyal Oren

Andrei Oros

Doris D V Ortega-Altamirano

Alberto Ortiz

Justin R Ortiz

Eduardo Ortiz-Panozo

Erika Ota

Stanislav S Otstavnov

Mayowa Ojo Owolabi

Mahesh P A

Smita Pakhale

Abhijit P Pakhare

Wen-Harn Pan

Adrian Pana

Basant Kumar Panda

Songhomitra Panda-Jonas

Jeyaraj Durai Pandian

Nikolaos Papantoniou

Eun-Kee Park

Charles D H Parry

Hadi Parsian

Shanti Patel

Sanghamitra Pati

Ajay Patle

George C Patton

Vishnupriya Rao Paturi

Deepak Paudel

Katherine R Paulson

Neil Pearce

Emmanuel K Peprah

David M Pereira

Norberto Perico

Aslam Pervaiz

Konrad Pesudovs

William A Petri

Max Petzold

Michael R Phillips

David M Pigott

Julian David Pillay

Meghdad Pirsaheb

Martin Pletcher

Constance Dimity Pond

Maarten J Postma

Akram Pourshams

Hossein Poustchi

Dorairaj Prabhakaran

Swayam Prakash

Narayan Prasad

Caroline A Purcell

Manita Pyakurel

Mostafa Qorbani

Reginald Quansah

Amir Radfar

Anwar Rafay

Alireza Rafiei

Fakher Rahim

Kazem Rahimi

Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar

Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar

Mahfuzar Rahman

Md Shafiur Rahman

Mohammad Hifz Ur Rahman

Muhammad Aziz Rahman

Sajjad ur Rahman

Rajesh Kumar Rai

Fatemeh Rajati

Sasa Rajsic

Usha Ram

Saleem M Rana

Chhabi Lal Ranabhat

Prabhat Ranjan

Davide Rasella

David Laith Rawaf

Salman Rawaf

Christian Razo-García

K Srinath Reddy

Robert C Reiner

Cesar Reis

Marissa B Reitsma

Giuseppe Remuzzi

Andre M N Renzaho

Serge Resnikoff

Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu

Satar Rezaei

Shahab Rezaeian

Mohammad Sadegh Rezai

Seyed Mohammad Riahi

Antonio Luiz P Ribeiro

Maria Jesus Rios-Blancas

Kedir Teji Roba

Nicholas L S Roberts

Leonardo Roever

Luca Ronfani

Gholamreza Roshandel

Ali Rostami

Gregory A Roth

Ambuj Roy

Enrico Rubagotti

George Mugambage Ruhago

Yogesh Damodar Sabde

Perminder S Sachdev

Basema Saddik

Ehsan Sadeghi

Hosein Safari

Yahya Safari

Roya Safari-Faramani

Mahdi Safdarian

Sare Safi

Saeid Safiri

Rajesh Sagar

Amirhossein Sahebkar

Mohammad Ali Sahraian

Haniye Sadat Sajadi

Nasir Salam

Joseph S Salama

Payman Salamati

Raphael de Freitas Saldanha

Zikria Saleem

Yahya Salimi

Hamideh Salimzadeh

Joshua A Salomon

Sundeep Santosh Salvi

Inbal Salz

Evanson Zondani Sambala

Abdallah M Samy

Juan Sanabria

Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño

Itamar S Santos

Milena M Santric Milicevic

Bruno Piassi Sao Jose

Mayank Sardana

Abdur Razzaque Sarker

Nizal Sarrafzadegan

Benn Sartorius

Shahabeddin Sarvi

Brijesh Sathian

Maheswar Satpathy

Miloje Savic

Arundhati R Sawant

Monika Sawhney

Sonia Saxena

Mete Saylan

Mehdi Sayyah

Elke Schaeffner

Maria Inês Schmidt

Ione J C Schneider

Ben Schöttker

Aletta Elisabeth Schutte

David C Schwebel

Falk Schwendicke

Soraya Seedat

Mario Sekerija

Sadaf G Sepanlou

Edson Serván-Mori

Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi

Hosein Shabaninejad

Katya Anne Shackelford

Azadeh Shafieesabet

Amira A Shaheen

Masood Ali Shaikh

Mehran Shams-Beyranvand

Mohammad Bagher Shamsi

Morteza Shamsizadeh

Heidar Sharafi

Kiomars Sharafi

Mehdi Sharif

Mahdi Sharif-Alhoseini

Jayendra Sharma

Rajesh Sharma

Sharad Kumar Sharma

Jun She

Aziz Sheikh

Muki Shehu Shey

Peilin Shi

Kenji Shibuya



Abstract

Background
Efforts to establish the 2015 baseline and monitor early implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight both great potential for and threats to improving health by 2030. To fully deliver on the SDG aim of “leaving no one behind”, it is increasingly important to examine the health-related SDGs beyond national-level estimates. As part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017), we measured progress on 41 of 52 health-related SDG indicators and estimated the health-related SDG index for 195 countries and territories for the period 1990–2017, projected indicators to 2030, and analysed global attainment.

Methods
We measured progress on 41 health-related SDG indicators from 1990 to 2017, an increase of four indicators since GBD 2016 (new indicators were health worker density, sexual violence by non-intimate partners, population census status, and prevalence of physical and sexual violence [reported separately]). We also improved the measurement of several previously reported indicators. We constructed national-level estimates and, for a subset of health-related SDGs, examined indicator-level differences by sex and Socio-demographic Index (SDI) quintile. We also did subnational assessments of performance for selected countries. To construct the health-related SDG index, we transformed the value for each indicator on a scale of 0–100, with 0 as the 2·5th percentile and 100 as the 97·5th percentile of 1000 draws calculated from 1990 to 2030, and took the geometric mean of the scaled indicators by target. To generate projections through 2030, we used a forecasting framework that drew estimates from the broader GBD study and used weighted averages of indicator-specific and country-specific annualised rates of change from 1990 to 2017 to inform future estimates. We assessed attainment of indicators with defined targets in two ways: first, using mean values projected for 2030, and then using the probability of attainment in 2030 calculated from 1000 draws. We also did a global attainment analysis of the feasibility of attaining SDG targets on the basis of past trends. Using 2015 global averages of indicators with defined SDG targets, we calculated the global annualised rates of change required from 2015 to 2030 to meet these targets, and then identified in what percentiles the required global annualised rates of change fell in the distribution of country-level rates of change from 1990 to 2015. We took the mean of these global percentile values across indicators and applied the past rate of change at this mean global percentile to all health-related SDG indicators, irrespective of target definition, to estimate the equivalent 2030 global average value and percentage change from 2015 to 2030 for each indicator.

Findings
The global median health-related SDG index in 2017 was 59·4 (IQR 35·4–67·3), ranging from a low of 11·6 (95% uncertainty interval 9·6–14·0) to a high of 84·9 (83·1–86·7). SDG index values in countries assessed at the subnational level varied substantially, particularly in China and India, although scores in Japan and the UK were more homogeneous. Indicators also varied by SDI quintile and sex, with males having worse outcomes than females for non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality, alcohol use, and smoking, among others. Most countries were projected to have a higher health-related SDG index in 2030 than in 2017, while country-level probabilities of attainment by 2030 varied widely by indicator. Under-5 mortality, neonatal mortality, maternal mortality ratio, and malaria indicators had the most countries with at least 95% probability of target attainment. Other indicators, including NCD mortality and suicide mortality, had no countries projected to meet corresponding SDG targets on the basis of projected mean values for 2030 but showed some probability of attainment by 2030. For some indicators, including child malnutrition, several infectious diseases, and most violence measures, the annualised rates of change required to meet SDG targets far exceeded the pace of progress achieved by any country in the recent past. We found that applying the mean global annualised rate of change to indicators without defined targets would equate to about 19% and 22% reductions in global smoking and alcohol consumption, respectively; a 47% decline in adolescent birth rates; and a more than 85% increase in health worker density per 1000 population by 2030.

Interpretation
The GBD study offers a unique, robust platform for monitoring the health-related SDGs across demographic and geographic dimensions. Our findings underscore the importance of increased collection and analysis of disaggregated data and highlight where more deliberate design or targeting of interventions could accelerate progress in attaining the SDGs. Current projections show that many health-related SDG indicators, NCDs, NCD-related risks, and violence-related indicators will require a concerted shift away from what might have driven past gains—curative interventions in the case of NCDs—towards multisectoral, prevention-oriented policy action and investments to achieve SDG aims. Notably, several targets, if they are to be met by 2030, demand a pace of progress that no country has achieved in the recent past. The future is fundamentally uncertain, and no model can fully predict what breakthroughs or events might alter the course of the SDGs. What is clear is that our actions—or inaction—today will ultimately dictate how close the world, collectively, can get to leaving no one behind by 2030.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2018-11
Journal The Lancet
Print ISSN 0140-6736
Electronic ISSN 1474-547X
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 392
Issue 10159
Pages 2091-2138
Institution Citation Bin Sayeed, M. S., Lozano, R., Fullman, N., Abate, D., Abay, S. M., Abbafati, C., …Murray, C. J. L. (2018). Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet, 392(10159), 2091-2138. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736%2818%2932281-5
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736%2818%2932281-5
Keywords General Medicine
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673618322815?via%3Dihub
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Measuring progress from 1990 to 2017 and projecting attainment to 2030 of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals for 195 countries and territories: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017; Journal Title: The Lancet; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32281-5; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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© 2018 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.





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