Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Democratic transition and Pakistan’s nuclear weapons

Chakma, Bhumitra


Profile Image

Dr Bhumitra Chakma
Senior Lecturer, Director of the South Asia Project and Director of Postgraduate Studies (Research and Taught Programmes)


Shaun Gregory


This chapter examines whether the recent trend of democratisation in Pakistan has made an impact on the country's nuclear policy against the background that traditionally the military has dominated the country's nuclear programme. The democratic transition of May 2013 is a significant development in Pakistan's chequered political history. The Strategic Plans Division (SPD) serves as the Secretariat of the National Command Authority (NCA) and co-ordinates all nuclear activities of Pakistan. General Pervez Musharraf at the time of the formation of the NCA indicated that the head of the government would occupy the chair of the NCA. A careful assessment of Pakistan's NCA highlights the dominance of the military over the nuclear arsenal and in the formulation of the country's nuclear policy. The 2001-2002 military stand-off between the forces of India and Pakistan demonstrated that Pakistan might have to deal with Indian strategy of coercion and compellence in the future.


Chakma, B. (2015). Democratic transition and Pakistan’s nuclear weapons. In S. Gregory (Ed.), Democratic transition and security in Pakistan (234-251). Routledge.

Online Publication Date Oct 23, 2015
Publication Date Nov 5, 2015
Deposit Date May 16, 2019
Publisher Routledge
Pages 234-251
Book Title Democratic transition and security in Pakistan
Chapter Number 12
ISBN 9781317550105; 9781138819092; 9781138842182
Public URL
Publisher URL