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R. G. Collingwood's overlapping ideas of history

Fear, Christopher

Authors



Abstract

Does R. G. Collingwood’s meta-philosophical theory that concepts in philosophy are organized as “scales of forms” apply to his own work on the nature of history? Or is there some inconsistency between Collingwood’s work as a philosopher of history and as a theorist of philosophical method? This article surveys existing views among Collingwood specialists on the applicability of Collingwood’s “scale of forms” thesis to his own philosophy of history, especially the accounts of Leon Goldstein and Lionel Rubinoff, and outlines the obvious objections to such an application. These objections however are found to be answerable. It is shown that Collingwood did indeed think the scale of forms thesis should apply to the philosophy of history, and even that he identified the “highest” form in history as a kind of scientific research or inquiry. But it is not demonstrated that Collingwood identified the “lower” forms explicitly. An account is then provided of the three distinct forms that can be identified in Collingwood’s philosophy of history, and of the “critical points” by which (according to Collingwood’s philosophical method) lower forms are negated and incorporated by higher forms. But it is also explained that these forms are not neatly coterminous with the stages in Western philosophical thinking about history as Collingwood narrates them in The Idea of History.

Citation

Fear, C. (in press). R. G. Collingwood's overlapping ideas of history. Journal of the Philosophy of History, 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1163/18722636-12341437

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 10, 2019
Online Publication Date Jan 16, 2020
Deposit Date Jul 16, 2019
Publicly Available Date Nov 30, -0001
Journal Journal of the Philosophy of History
Print ISSN 1872-261X
Electronic ISSN 1872-2636
Publisher Brill Academic Publishers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages 1-21
DOI https://doi.org/10.1163/18722636-12341437
Keywords R. G. Collingwood; Philosophy of history; Meta-philosophy; Methodology; Metaphysics; Epistemology
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/1810064