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The sociodemographic context of observed solitary and social smoking behaviours using a behavioural ecological approach

Why, Felix Yong Peng; Undarwati, Anna; Nuzulia, Siti

Authors

Anna Undarwati

Siti Nuzulia



Abstract

This study used a behavioural ecological approach by observing whether solitary and social smoking varied as a function of gender and stress. In sample 1 (N = 414), the result was consistent with the Tend-and-Befriend Hypothesis in that more female smokers were observed to engage in social smoking during high stress. When the number of smokers observed by stress condition was controlled for in sample 2 (N = 587), this effect was non-significant. Effect sizes were small for both samples. Discrepancies with previous research suggests that self-reported data might over-estimate the interaction of various psychosocial factors on smoking behaviours.

Journal Article Type Article
Journal Journal of Health Psychology
Print ISSN 1359-1053
Electronic ISSN 1461-7277
Publisher SAGE Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
APA6 Citation Why, F. Y. P., Undarwati, A., & Nuzulia, S. (in press). The sociodemographic context of observed solitary and social smoking behaviours using a behavioural ecological approach. Journal of health psychology, https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105319877447
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1359105319877447
Keywords Coping; Gender; Smoking; Social smoking; Social support; Stress
Publisher URL https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1359105319877447
Additional Information This is the accepted manuscript of an article published in Journal of health psychology, 2019. The version of record is available at the DOI link in this record.

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