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Extending the tephra and palaeoenvironmental record of the Central Mediterranean back to 430 ka: A new core from Fucino Basin, central Italy

Giaccio, Biagio; Leicher, Niklas; Mannella, Giorgio; Monaco, Lorenzo; Regattieri, Eleonora; Wagner, Bernd; Zanchetta, Giovanni; Gaeta, Mario; Marra, Fabrizio; Nomade, Sébastien; Palladino, Danilo M.; Pereira, Alison; Scheidt, Stephanie; Sottili, Gianluca; Wonik, Thomas; Wulf, Sabine; Zeeden, Christian; Ariztegui, Daniel; Cavinato, Gian Paolo; Dean, Jonathan R.; Florindo, Fabio; Leng, Melanie J.; Macrì, Patrizia; Niespolo, Elizabeth; Renne, Paul R.; Rolf, Christian; Sadori, Laura; Thomas, Camille; Tzedakis, Polychronis C.


Biagio Giaccio

Niklas Leicher

Giorgio Mannella

Lorenzo Monaco

Eleonora Regattieri

Bernd Wagner

Giovanni Zanchetta

Mario Gaeta

Fabrizio Marra

Sébastien Nomade

Danilo M. Palladino

Alison Pereira

Stephanie Scheidt

Gianluca Sottili

Thomas Wonik

Sabine Wulf

Christian Zeeden

Daniel Ariztegui

Gian Paolo Cavinato

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Dr Jonathan Dean
Lecturer in Quaternary Science, Director of Education, Co-Deputy Head of School

Fabio Florindo

Melanie J. Leng

Patrizia Macrì

Elizabeth Niespolo

Paul R. Renne

Christian Rolf

Laura Sadori

Camille Thomas

Polychronis C. Tzedakis


© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Here we present the first tephrostratigraphic, palaeomagnetic, and multiproxy data from a new ∼98 m-deep sediment core retrieved from the Fucino Basin, central Italy, spanning the last ∼430 kyr. Palaeoenvironmental proxy data (Ca-XRF, gamma ray and magnetic susceptibility) show a cyclical variability related to interglacial-glacial cycles since the Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 12-MIS 11 transition. More than 130 tephra layers are visible to the naked eye, 11 of which were analysed (glass-WDS) and successfully correlated to known eruptions and/or other equivalent tephra. In addition to tephra already recognised in the previously investigated cores spanning the last 190 kyr, we identified for the first time tephra from the eruptions of: Tufo Giallo di Sacrofano, Sabatini (288.0 ± 2.0 ka); Villa Senni, Colli Albani (367.5 ± 1.6 ka); Pozzolane Nere and its precursor, Colli Albani (405.0 ± 2.0 ka, and 407.1 ± 4.2 ka, respectively) and Castel Broco, Vulsini (419–490 ka). The latter occurs at the bottom of the core and has been 40Ar/39Ar dated at 424.3 ± 3.2 ka, thus providing a robust chronological constrain for both the eruption itself and the base of the investigated succession. Direct 40Ar/39Ar dating and tephra geochemical fingerprinting provide a preliminary radioisotopic-based chronological framework for the MIS 11-MIS 7 interval, which represent a foundation for the forthcoming multiproxy studies and for investigating the remaining ∼110 tephra layers that are recorded within this interval. Such future developments will contribute towards an improved MIS 11-MIS 7 Mediterranean tephrostratigraphy, which is still poorly explored and exploited.


Giaccio, B., Leicher, N., Mannella, G., Monaco, L., Regattieri, E., Wagner, B., …Tzedakis, P. C. (2019). Extending the tephra and palaeoenvironmental record of the Central Mediterranean back to 430 ka: A new core from Fucino Basin, central Italy. Quaternary science reviews, 225, 106003.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 20, 2019
Online Publication Date Oct 25, 2019
Publication Date 2019-12
Deposit Date Oct 25, 2019
Journal Quaternary Science Reviews
Print ISSN 0277-3791
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 225
Pages 106003
Keywords Archaeology; Archaeology; Global and Planetary Change; Geology; Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
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Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Extending the tephra and palaeoenvironmental record of the Central Mediterranean back to 430 ka: A new core from Fucino Basin, central Italy; Journal Title: Quaternary Science Reviews; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.