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At the crossroads: Attention, contingency awareness, and evaluative conditioning

Blask, Katarina; Walther, Eva; Halbeisen, Georg; Weil, Rebecca


Katarina Blask

Eva Walther

Georg Halbeisen

Rebecca Weil


Evaluative conditioning (EC) refers to changes in the evaluation of a conditioned stimulus (CS) due to its repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus (US). One of the most debated topics in EC research is whether or not EC is dependent on contingency awareness. In this study, we go beyond this debate by examining whether contingency awareness mediates the impact of attentional resources and goal-directed attention on EC. Attentional resources were manipulated by presenting CSs and USs either within the same modality or in different modalities. Goal-directed attention was manipulated by asking participants to respond to the CSs or to the USs. Results indicate that the effect of goal-directed attention on EC is mediated by contingency awareness, whereas the effect of attentional resources on EC is not.


Blask, K., Walther, E., Halbeisen, G., & Weil, R. (2012). At the crossroads: Attention, contingency awareness, and evaluative conditioning. Learning and Motivation, 43(3), 99-106.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Jul 17, 2012
Publication Date 2012-08
Deposit Date Jan 22, 2020
Journal Learning and Motivation
Print ISSN 0023-9690
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 3
Pages 99-106
Keywords Evaluative conditioning; Contingency awareness; Attentional resources; Goal-directed attention; Mediation
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