Single-Step extraction-esterification process to produce Biodiesel from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) using microwave heating: a circular economy approach to making use of a difficult waste product.
Davies, Elis; Deutz, Pauline; Zein, Sharif H.
Professor Pauline Deutz P.Deutz@hull.ac.uk
Dr Sharif Zein S.H.Zein@hull.ac.uk
This investigation explores single step biodiesel synthesis using Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) as a feedstock. Normally considered a waste product from the extraction process of palm oil, POME treatment is difficult and can cause significant environmental pollution if discharged directly into watercourses. Fatty acids (FAs) present in POME were extracted and subsequently esterified in situ to FA methyl esters (FAME) suitable for use as biodiesel. The process of simultaneous extraction and esterification was performed under microwave irradiation in a sealed vessel which has been shown to reduce both time of reaction and energy use considerably in other reactions. The simultaneous extraction and esterification results in an 89% yield of biodiesel from the available FAs in the POME solids. The facile separation of biodiesel products from the reaction mixture augments the process and here presented is a potential route to making economic use of this difficult feedstock.
Davies, E., Deutz, P., & Zein, S. H. (in press). Single-Step extraction-esterification process to produce Biodiesel from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) using microwave heating: a circular economy approach to making use of a difficult waste product. Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, https://doi.org/10.1007/s13399-020-00856-1
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Jun 30, 2020|
|Online Publication Date||Jul 14, 2020|
|Deposit Date||Jun 30, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Jul 15, 2021|
|Journal||Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery|
|Publisher||Springer (part of Springer Nature)|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|Keywords||Biodiesel; Palm oil mill effluent; Microwave; Esterification; Circular economy|
This file is under embargo until Jul 15, 2021 due to copyright reasons.
Contact S.H.Zein@hull.ac.uk to request a copy for personal use.
You might also like
Climate pioneership and leadership in structurally disadvantaged maritime port cities
Archaeological tourism : a creative approach