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Pleasant emotions widen thought-action repertoires, develop long-term resources, and improve reaction time performance: A multi-study examination of the Broaden-and-Build theory among athletes

Perry, John L.; Burke, Rachel; Toner, John; Thompson, Mark; Nicholls, Adam R.

Authors

John L. Perry

Rachel Burke

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Dr John Toner John.Toner@hull.ac.uk
Lecturer in Sports Coaching and Performance

Mark Thompson

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group



Abstract

The authors investigated relationships between emotions, coping, and resilience across two studies. In Study 1a, 319 athletes completed dispositional questionnaires relating to the aforementioned constructs. In Study 1b, 126 athletes from Study 1a repeated the same questionnaires 6months later. In Study 2, 21 athletes were randomly allocated to an emotional (e.g., pleasant or unpleasant emotions) or control group and undertook a laboratory-based reaction-time task across three time points. Questionnaires and salivary cortisol samples were collected before and after each performance with imagery-based emotional manipulations engendered during the second testing session. Partial longitudinal evidence of the broaden-and-build effects of pleasant emotions was found. Pleasant emotions may undo lingering cognitive resource losses incurred from previous unpleasant emotional experiences. In Study 2, pleasant and unpleasant emotions had an immediate and sustained psychophysiological and performance impact. Taken together, this research supports the application of broaden-and-build theory in framing emotional interventions for athletes.

Citation

Perry, J. L., Burke, R., Toner, J., Thompson, M., & Nicholls, A. R. (2021). Pleasant emotions widen thought-action repertoires, develop long-term resources, and improve reaction time performance: A multi-study examination of the Broaden-and-Build theory among athletes. Journal of sport & exercise psychology, 43(2), 155-170. https://doi.org/10.1123/JSEP.2020-0192

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Oct 16, 2020
Publication Date Jan 1, 2021
Deposit Date Oct 16, 2020
Publicly Available Date Jan 19, 2021
Journal Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Print ISSN 0895-2779
Electronic ISSN 1543-2904
Publisher Human Kinetics
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 43
Issue 2
Pages 155-170
DOI https://doi.org/10.1123/JSEP.2020-0192
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3641820

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