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Reasons for withdrawing belief in vivid autobiographical memories

Scoboria, Alan; Boucher, Chantal; Mazzoni, Giuliana

Authors

Alan Scoboria

Chantal Boucher

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that many people hold personal memories for events that they no longer believe occurred. This study examines the reasons that people provide for choosing to reduce autobiographical belief in vividly recollected autobiographical memories. A body of nonbelieved memories provided by 374 individuals was reviewed to develop a qualitatively derived categorization system. The final scheme consisted of 8 major categories (in descending order of mention): social feedback, event plausibility, alternative attributions, general memory beliefs, internal event features, consistency with external evidence, views of self/others, and personal motivation; and numerous sub-categories. Independent raters coded the reports and judged the primary reason that each person provided for withdrawing belief. The nature of each category, frequency of category endorsement, category overlap, and phenomenological ratings are presented, following which links to related literature and implications are discussed. This study documents that a wide variety of recollective and non-recollective sources of information influence decision-making about the occurrence of autobiographical events.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date May 19, 2015
Journal Memory
Print ISSN 0965-8211
Electronic ISSN 1464-0686
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 4
Pages 545-562
Institution Citation Scoboria, A., Boucher, C., & Mazzoni, G. (2015). Reasons for withdrawing belief in vivid autobiographical memories. Memory, 23(4), (545-562). doi:10.1080/09658211.2014.910530. ISSN 0965-8211
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2014.910530
Keywords Autobiographical memory; Autobiographical belief; Non-believed memory; Decision making
Publisher URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09658211.2014.910530#
Copyright Statement ©2015 University of Hull
Additional Information This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Memory on 30/04/2014, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline...80/09658211.2014.910530

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