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On the existence and implications of nonbelieved memories

Otgaar, Henry; Scoboria, Alan; Mazzoni, Giuliana


Henry Otgaar

Alan Scoboria

Giuliana Mazzoni


In this article, we review the state of knowledge about a previously-assumed-to-be-rare memory phenomenon called nonbelieved memories. Nonbelieved memories are a counterintuitive phenomenon in which vivid autobiographical memories are no longer believed to have happened even though vivid recollective features remain present. Such memories stand in contrast to the more typical situation that when events are recollected they are also believed to have genuinely occurred. We review data on the frequency, characteristics, and factors that contribute to the development of naturally occurring and laboratory-induced nonbelieved memories and discuss the relationships of nonbelieved memories with theories of autobiographical remembering and the study of remembering in applied domains.


Otgaar, H., Scoboria, A., & Mazzoni, G. (2014). On the existence and implications of nonbelieved memories. Current directions in psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society, 23(5), 349-354.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 8, 2014
Online Publication Date Oct 15, 2014
Publication Date Oct 11, 2014
Deposit Date Apr 28, 2015
Publicly Available Date Apr 28, 2015
Journal Current directions in psychological science
Print ISSN 0963-7214
Electronic ISSN 1467-8721
Publisher Association for Psychological Science
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 23
Issue 5
Pages 349-354
Keywords Memory, Nonbelieved memories, Autobiographical, Belief, False memory, Omission
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Author's accepted manuscript of article published in: Current directions in psychological science, 2014, v.23 issue 5.


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