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Enabling planetary science across light-years. Ariel Definition Study Report

Zuppella, Paola; Zingales, Tiziano; Yung, Yuk; Zilinskas, Mantas; Wolkenberg, Paulina; Hou Yip, Gordon; Wawer, Piotr; Widemann, Thomas; Waltham, Dave; Del Vecchio, Ciro; Vasisht, Gautam; Vazan, Allona; Van der Swaelmen, Mathieu; Vardan, Adibekyan; Carine Vandaele, Ann; Tsantaki, Maria; Valencia, Diana; Tsai, Shang-Min; Triaud, Amaury; Trompet, Loïc; Tremblin, Pascal; Tozzi, Andrea; Terenzi, Luca; Taylor, Jake; Tecza, Matthias; Tackley, Paul; Steiger, Lukas; Tanga, Paolo; Šponer, Judit; Sousa, Sergio; Sozzetti, Alessandro; Sobiecki, Mateusz; Skaf, N.; Skup, Konrad; Simpson, Caroline; Shorttle, Oliver; Shibata, Sho; Scippa, Antonio; Seli, Bálint; Schwartz, Victor; Schisano, Eugenio; Schreiber, Laura; Sanna, Nicoletta; Rust, Duncan; Saleh, Ayman; Rossi, Loic; Robert, Séverine; Rosich, Albert; Rimmer, Paul; Rainer, Monica; Reess, Jean-Michel; Lopez Puertas, Manuel; Preti, Giampaolo; Pribulla, Theodor; Podio, Linda; Polenta, Gianluca; Piotto, Giampaolo; Pignatari, Marco; Philippon, Anne; Piccialli, Arianna; Cecchi Pestellini, Cesare; Petralia, Antonino; Perger, Manuel; Pérez, Javier; Perez-Hoyos, Santiago; Parmentier, Vivien; Peres, Giovanni; Papageorgiou, Andreas; Oliva, Fabrizio; Palladino, Pietro; Nikolaou, Athanasia; Noce, Vladimiro; Narita, Norio; Nascimbeni, Valerio; Nakhjiri, Nariman; Naponiello, Luca; Mouzali, Salima; Morvan, Mario; I. Moses, Julianne; Morello, Giuseppe; Morinaud, Gilles; Mollière, Paul; Moreau, Vincent; Molinari, Sergio; Modirrousta-Galian, Darius; Molaverdikhani, Karan; Marcq, Emmanuel; Migliorini, Alessandra; Maldonado, Jesus; MacDonald, Ryan; Magrini, Laura; Sanchez Lopez, Alejandro; Lorenzani, Andrea; Lombini, Matteo; Lichtenberg, Tim; Locci, Daniele; Lee, David; Lefevre, Maxence; Lebonnois, Sebastien; Kubelík, Petr; Lara, Luisa; Kruid, Ronald; J. M. Kruijssen, Diederik; Knížek, Antonín; Kreidberg, Laura; Kawashima, Yui; Kimura, Tadahiro; Kabath, Petr; Kálmán, Szilárd; Ito, Yuichi; Christian Jessen, Niels; Hills, Matt; Horeau, Benoit; Hellin, Marie-Laure; Herrero, Enrique; Hargrave, Peter; Guilluy, Gloria; Grzegorczyk, Aleksandra; Guillot, Tristan; Gressier, Amélie; Giuseppe Guarcello, Mario; Goujon, Audrey; Grassi, Davide; Griffith, Caitlin; Gonzalez, Arturo; Gonzalez-Galindo, Francisco; Gómez, Alejandro; Germano Sacco, Giuseppe; Giacobbe, Paolo; García-Rigo, Alberto; Garufi, Antonio; Garai, Zoltán; García, Andrés; Funke, Bernd; Galy, Camille; Fossati, Luca; Fonte, Sergio; Fontignie, Jean; Fernández, Alejandro; Fleury, Benjamin; Farina, Maria; Fedele, Davide; Jimenez Escobar, Antonio; Van Eylen, Vincent; Dunford, Emma; Dransfield, Georgina; Dumaye, Luc; Doumayrou, Eric; Dorn, Caroline; Doublier, Vanessa; Di Giorgio, Anna; Diolaiti, Emiliano; Delgado-Mena, Elisa; Decin, Leen; Dejabrun, Clemence; Cubillos, Patricio; Da Peppo, Vania; Garcia Comas, Maya; Cracchiolo, Gianluca; Codella, Claudio; Claret, Antonio; Claudi, Riccardo; Ciaravella, Angela; Czupalla, Markus; L. Chubb, Katy; Chioetto, Paolo; Cortecchia, Fausto; Changeat, Quentin; Carone, Ludmila; Carrasco, Nathalie; Cara, Christophe; Carmona, Manuel; Cassone, Giuseppe; Casali, Giada; Casas, Albert; Canestrari, Rodolfo; Cann, Nick; Calcutt, Simon; Campante, Tiago; Bruno, Giovanni; Caines, Hamish; Brienza, Daniele; Brucalassi, Anna; Bourgalais, Jeremy; Bosch, José; Bossini, Diego; Błęcka, Maria; Stefano Bonomo, Aldo; Biazzo, Katia; Bell, Taylor; Benatti, Serena; Baeyens, Robin; R. Barnes, John; Ateca, Jaume; Anisman, Lara; Arhancet, Axel; Perez Alvarez, Javier; Zellem, Rob; Al-Refaie, Ahmed; Szabó, Gyula; P. Waldmann, Ingo; Yurchenko, Sergey; Vida, Krisztián; Tsiaras, Angelos; Venot, Olivia; Selsis, Franck; Tennyson, Jonathan; Sarkar, Subhajit; Rocchetto, Marco; Rengel, Miriam; Rickman, Hans; Panic, Olja; Nikolaou, Nikos; Pagano, Isabella; Miguel, Yamila; Helled, Ravit; Kama, Mihkel; Mugnai, Lorenzo; García Muñoz, Antonio; Mendonça, João; Moneti, Andrea; Carlos Morales, Juan; Kokori, Anastasia; Ikoma, Masahiro; Encrenaz, Therese; Kiss, Csaba; Gilli, Gabriella; Drossart, Pierre; N. Edwards, Billy; Demangeon, Olivier; Cowan, Nicolas; Danielski, Camilla; Coustenis, Athena; Civiš, Svatopluk; Coudé du Foresto, Vincent; Charnay, Benjamin; Changeat, Quentin; Borsato, Luca; Casewell, Sarah; Barstow, Joanna; Tosh, Ian; Vilardell, Francesc; Szoke, Janos; Stamper, Richard; Szirovicza, Peter; Savini, Giorgio; Roose, Stéphane; Møller Pedersen, Søren; Pniel, Moshe; Pascale, Enzo; Pearson, Chris; Pagano, Teresa; Ottensamer, Roland; Pace, Emanuele; Morgante, Gianluca; Ollivier, Marc; Machado, Richardo; Kovacs, Zsolt; Hunt, Tom; Holmes, Warren; Krijger, Matthijs; M. Gómez, Jose; Drummond, Rachel; Focardi, Mauro; Désjonqueres, Lucile; J. Díaz, José; Crook, Martin; Coffey, Deirdre; Colomé, Josep; Bowles, Neil; Carmona, Manuel; Bishop, Georgia; Amiaux, Jerome; Berthé, Michel; Alonso, Gustavo; Caldwell, Andrew; Abreu, Manuel; Symonds, Kate; Renk, Florian; Kohley, Ralf; Haag, Martin; Crouzet, Pierre-Elie; Boudin, Nathalie; Halain, Jean-Philippe; Salvignol, Jean-Christophe; Ratti, Francesco; Scharmberg, Carsten; Tan, Jonathan; Werner, Stephanie; Szabó, Robert; Ray, Tom; Ribas, Ignasi; Pallé, Enric; Rataj, Mirek; Malaguti, Giuseppe; Hartogh, Paul; Machado, Pedro; Griffin, Matt; Guedel, Manuel; Ferus, Martin; Beaulieu, Jean-Philippe; Buchhave, Lars; Rosa Zapatero Osorio, Maria; Aret, Anna; Vandenbussche, Bart; Testi, Leonardo; Turrini, Diego; Swain, Mark; Pilbratt, Göran; Puig, Ludovic; Micela, Giusi; Min, Michel; Leconte, Jérémy; Lüftinger, Theresa; Lagage, Pierre-Olivier; Eccleston, Paul; Haswell, Carole; Tinetti, Giovanna

Authors

Paola Zuppella

Tiziano Zingales

Yuk Yung

Mantas Zilinskas

Paulina Wolkenberg

Gordon Hou Yip

Piotr Wawer

Thomas Widemann

Dave Waltham

Ciro Del Vecchio

Gautam Vasisht

Allona Vazan

Mathieu Van der Swaelmen

Adibekyan Vardan

Ann Carine Vandaele

Maria Tsantaki

Diana Valencia

Shang-Min Tsai

Amaury Triaud

Loïc Trompet

Pascal Tremblin

Andrea Tozzi

Luca Terenzi

Jake Taylor

Matthias Tecza

Paul Tackley

Lukas Steiger

Paolo Tanga

Judit Šponer

Sergio Sousa

Alessandro Sozzetti

Mateusz Sobiecki

N. Skaf

Konrad Skup

Caroline Simpson

Oliver Shorttle

Sho Shibata

Antonio Scippa

Bálint Seli

Victor Schwartz

Eugenio Schisano

Laura Schreiber

Nicoletta Sanna

Duncan Rust

Ayman Saleh

Loic Rossi

Séverine Robert

Albert Rosich

Paul Rimmer

Monica Rainer

Jean-Michel Reess

Manuel Lopez Puertas

Giampaolo Preti

Theodor Pribulla

Linda Podio

Gianluca Polenta

Giampaolo Piotto

Marco Pignatari

Anne Philippon

Arianna Piccialli

Cesare Cecchi Pestellini

Antonino Petralia

Manuel Perger

Javier Pérez

Santiago Perez-Hoyos

Vivien Parmentier

Giovanni Peres

Andreas Papageorgiou

Fabrizio Oliva

Pietro Palladino

Athanasia Nikolaou

Vladimiro Noce

Norio Narita

Valerio Nascimbeni

Nariman Nakhjiri

Luca Naponiello

Salima Mouzali

Mario Morvan

Julianne I. Moses

Giuseppe Morello

Gilles Morinaud

Paul Mollière

Vincent Moreau

Sergio Molinari

Darius Modirrousta-Galian

Karan Molaverdikhani

Emmanuel Marcq

Alessandra Migliorini

Jesus Maldonado

Ryan MacDonald

Laura Magrini

Alejandro Sanchez Lopez

Andrea Lorenzani

Matteo Lombini

Tim Lichtenberg

Daniele Locci

David Lee

Maxence Lefevre

Sebastien Lebonnois

Petr Kubelík

Luisa Lara

Ronald Kruid

Diederik J. M. Kruijssen

Antonín Knížek

Laura Kreidberg

Yui Kawashima

Tadahiro Kimura

Petr Kabath

Szilárd Kálmán

Yuichi Ito

Niels Christian Jessen

Matt Hills

Benoit Horeau

Marie-Laure Hellin

Enrique Herrero

Peter Hargrave

Gloria Guilluy

Aleksandra Grzegorczyk

Tristan Guillot

Amélie Gressier

Mario Giuseppe Guarcello

Audrey Goujon

Davide Grassi

Caitlin Griffith

Arturo Gonzalez

Francisco Gonzalez-Galindo

Alejandro Gómez

Giuseppe Germano Sacco

Paolo Giacobbe

Alberto García-Rigo

Antonio Garufi

Zoltán Garai

Andrés García

Bernd Funke

Camille Galy

Luca Fossati

Sergio Fonte

Jean Fontignie

Alejandro Fernández

Benjamin Fleury

Maria Farina

Davide Fedele

Antonio Jimenez Escobar

Vincent Van Eylen

Emma Dunford

Georgina Dransfield

Luc Dumaye

Eric Doumayrou

Caroline Dorn

Vanessa Doublier

Anna Di Giorgio

Emiliano Diolaiti

Elisa Delgado-Mena

Leen Decin

Clemence Dejabrun

Patricio Cubillos

Vania Da Peppo

Maya Garcia Comas

Gianluca Cracchiolo

Claudio Codella

Antonio Claret

Riccardo Claudi

Angela Ciaravella

Markus Czupalla

Katy L. Chubb

Paolo Chioetto

Fausto Cortecchia

Quentin Changeat

Ludmila Carone

Nathalie Carrasco

Christophe Cara

Manuel Carmona

Giuseppe Cassone

Giada Casali

Albert Casas

Rodolfo Canestrari

Nick Cann

Simon Calcutt

Tiago Campante

Giovanni Bruno

Hamish Caines

Daniele Brienza

Anna Brucalassi

Jeremy Bourgalais

José Bosch

Diego Bossini

Maria Błęcka

Aldo Stefano Bonomo

Katia Biazzo

Taylor Bell

Serena Benatti

Robin Baeyens

John R. Barnes

Jaume Ateca

Lara Anisman

Axel Arhancet

Javier Perez Alvarez

Rob Zellem

Ahmed Al-Refaie

Gyula Szabó

Ingo P. Waldmann

Sergey Yurchenko

Krisztián Vida

Angelos Tsiaras

Olivia Venot

Franck Selsis

Jonathan Tennyson

Subhajit Sarkar

Marco Rocchetto

Miriam Rengel

Hans Rickman

Olja Panic

Nikos Nikolaou

Isabella Pagano

Yamila Miguel

Ravit Helled

Mihkel Kama

Lorenzo Mugnai

Antonio García Muñoz

João Mendonça

Andrea Moneti

Juan Carlos Morales

Anastasia Kokori

Masahiro Ikoma

Therese Encrenaz

Csaba Kiss

Gabriella Gilli

Pierre Drossart

Billy N. Edwards

Olivier Demangeon

Nicolas Cowan

Camilla Danielski

Athena Coustenis

Svatopluk Civiš

Vincent Coudé du Foresto

Benjamin Charnay

Quentin Changeat

Luca Borsato

Sarah Casewell

Joanna Barstow

Ian Tosh

Francesc Vilardell

Janos Szoke

Richard Stamper

Peter Szirovicza

Giorgio Savini

Stéphane Roose

Søren Møller Pedersen

Moshe Pniel

Enzo Pascale

Chris Pearson

Teresa Pagano

Roland Ottensamer

Emanuele Pace

Gianluca Morgante

Marc Ollivier

Richardo Machado

Zsolt Kovacs

Tom Hunt

Warren Holmes

Matthijs Krijger

Jose M. Gómez

Rachel Drummond

Mauro Focardi

Lucile Désjonqueres

José J. Díaz

Martin Crook

Deirdre Coffey

Josep Colomé

Neil Bowles

Manuel Carmona

Georgia Bishop

Jerome Amiaux

Michel Berthé

Gustavo Alonso

Andrew Caldwell

Manuel Abreu

Kate Symonds

Florian Renk

Ralf Kohley

Martin Haag

Pierre-Elie Crouzet

Nathalie Boudin

Jean-Philippe Halain

Jean-Christophe Salvignol

Francesco Ratti

Carsten Scharmberg

Jonathan Tan

Stephanie Werner

Robert Szabó

Tom Ray

Ignasi Ribas

Enric Pallé

Mirek Rataj

Giuseppe Malaguti

Paul Hartogh

Pedro Machado

Matt Griffin

Manuel Guedel

Martin Ferus

Jean-Philippe Beaulieu

Lars Buchhave

Maria Rosa Zapatero Osorio

Anna Aret

Bart Vandenbussche

Leonardo Testi

Diego Turrini

Mark Swain

Göran Pilbratt

Ludovic Puig

Giusi Micela

Michel Min

Jérémy Leconte

Theresa Lüftinger

Pierre-Olivier Lagage

Paul Eccleston

Carole Haswell

Giovanna Tinetti



Abstract

Ariel, the Atmospheric Remote-sensing Infrared Exoplanet Large-survey, was adopted as the fourth medium-class mission in ESA's Cosmic Vision programme to be launched in 2029. During its 4-year mission, Ariel will study what exoplanets are made of, how they formed and how they evolve, by surveying a diverse sample of about 1000 extrasolar planets, simultaneously in visible and infrared wavelengths. It is the first mission dedicated to measuring the chemical composition and thermal structures of hundreds of transiting exoplanets, enabling planetary science far beyond the boundaries of the Solar System. The payload consists of an off-axis Cassegrain telescope (primary mirror 1100 mm x 730 mm ellipse) and two separate instruments (FGS and AIRS) covering simultaneously 0.5-7.8 micron spectral range. The satellite is best placed into an L2 orbit to maximise the thermal stability and the field of regard. The payload module is passively cooled via a series of V-Groove radiators; the detectors for the AIRS are the only items that require active cooling via an active Ne JT cooler. The Ariel payload is developed by a consortium of more than 50 institutes from 16 ESA countries, which include the UK, France, Italy, Belgium, Poland, Spain, Austria, Denmark, Ireland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Hungary, the Netherlands, Sweden, Norway, Estonia, and a NASA contribution.

Citation

Zuppella, P., Zingales, T., Yung, Y., Zilinskas, M., Wolkenberg, P., Hou Yip, G., …Tinetti, G. (2020). Enabling planetary science across light-years. Ariel Definition Study Report

Publication Date 2020-11
Deposit Date Jun 25, 2021
Publicly Available Date Jun 29, 2021
Publisher European Space Agency
Pages 144
Series Number ESA/SCI(2020)1
Keywords Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics; Earth and Planetary Astrophysics
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/3752350
Publisher URL https://www.cosmos.esa.int/documents/1783156/3267291/Ariel_RedBook_Nov2020.pdf/
Additional Information Reviewed by ESA Science Advisory Structure in November 2020.

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