Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Breathless and awaiting diagnosis in UK lockdown for COVID-19…We’re stuck

Doe, Gillian; Chantrell, Stacey; Williams, Marie; Steiner, Michael C.; Armstrong, Natalie; Hutchinson, Ann; Evans, Rachael A.


Gillian Doe

Stacey Chantrell

Marie Williams

Michael C. Steiner

Natalie Armstrong

Rachael A. Evans


During the COVID-19 pandemic, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 20 adults awaiting a diagnosis for their chronic breathlessness. Three key themes were identified using thematic analysis: (1) de-prioritisation of diagnosis, (2) following UK ‘lockdown’ guidance for the general population but patients fearful they were more at risk, and (3) the impact of lockdown on coping strategies for managing breathlessness. The existing unpredictable pathway to diagnosis for those with chronic breathlessness has been further interrupted during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Doe, G., Chantrell, S., Williams, M., Steiner, M. C., Armstrong, N., Hutchinson, A., & Evans, R. A. (2021). Breathless and awaiting diagnosis in UK lockdown for COVID-19…We’re stuck. NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, 31(1),

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 15, 2021
Online Publication Date May 5, 2021
Publication Date 2021-12
Deposit Date May 10, 2021
Publicly Available Date May 10, 2021
Journal NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Electronic ISSN 2055-1010
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 1
Article Number 21
Keywords Diagnosis; Health services; Medical research
Public URL
Additional Information Received: 24 October 2020; Accepted: 15 March 2021; First Online: 5 May 2021; : The authors declare no competing interests.


Published article (629 Kb)

Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement
© The Author(s) 2021
Open Access
This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit

You might also like

Downloadable Citations