Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Satellite data for the offshore renewable energy sector: Synergies and innovation opportunities

Medina-Lopez, E.; McMillan, D.; Lazic, J.; Hart, Edward; Zen, S.; Angeloudis, A.; Bannon, E.; Browell, J.; Dorling, S.; Dorrell, R. M.; Forster, R.; Old, C.; Payne, G. S.; Porter, G.; Rabaneda, A. S.; Sellar, B.; Tapoglou, E.; Trifonova, N.; Woodhouse, I. H.; Zampollo, A.


E. Medina-Lopez

D. McMillan

J. Lazic

Edward Hart

S. Zen

A. Angeloudis

E. Bannon

J. Browell

S. Dorling

C. Old

G. S. Payne

G. Porter

A. S. Rabaneda

B. Sellar

E. Tapoglou

N. Trifonova

I. H. Woodhouse

A. Zampollo


Can satellite data be used to address challenges currently faced by the Offshore Renewable Energy (ORE) sector? What benefit can satellite observations bring to resource assessment and maintenance of ORE farms? Can satellite observations be used to assess the environmental impact of offshore renewables leading towards a more sustainable ORE sector? This review paper faces these questions presenting a holistic view of the current interactions between satellite and ORE sectors, and future needs to make this partnership grow. The aim of the work is to start the conversation between these sectors by establishing a common ground. We present offshore needs and satellite technology limitations, as well as potential opportunities and areas of growth. To better understand this, the reader is guided through the history, current developments, challenges and future of offshore wind, tidal and wave energy technologies. Then, an overview on satellite observations for ocean applications is given, covering types of instruments and how they are used to provide different metocean variables, satellite performance, and data processing and integration. Past, present and future satellite missions are also discussed. Finally, the paper focuses on innovation opportunities and the potential of synergies between the ORE and satellite sectors. Specifically, we pay attention to improvements that satellite observations could bring to standard measurement techniques: assessing uncertainty, wind, tidal and wave conditions forecast, as well as environmental monitoring from space. Satellite–enabled measurement of ocean physical processes and applications for fisheries, mammals and birds, and habitat change, are also discussed in depth.


Medina-Lopez, E., McMillan, D., Lazic, J., Hart, E., Zen, S., Angeloudis, A., …Zampollo, A. (2021). Satellite data for the offshore renewable energy sector: Synergies and innovation opportunities. Remote Sensing of Environment, 264, Article 112588.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 3, 2021
Online Publication Date Jul 15, 2021
Publication Date 2021-10
Deposit Date Sep 8, 2021
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Remote Sensing of Environment
Print ISSN 0034-4257
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 264
Article Number 112588
Keywords Satellite data; Offshore renewable energy (ORE); Wind; Tidal; Wave; SAR; Sustainable ORE sector
Public URL


Accepted manuscript (11.9 Mb)

Copyright Statement
© 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license

You might also like

Downloadable Citations