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Caring behaviours of student nurses: Effects of pre-registration nursing education

Loke, Jennifer C. F.; Lee, Bryant K.; Lee, Kah Wai; Noor, Asmah Mohd


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Dr Jennifer Loke
Lecturer / Programme Director (Dual Award in BSc in Nursing Science)

Bryant K. Lee

Kah Wai Lee

Asmah Mohd Noor


In an increasing technologised and cost-constrained healthcare environment, the role of pre-registration nursing education in nurturing and developing the professional caring disposition of students is becoming far more critical than before. In view of this growing demand, the aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Singapore's pre-registration nursing programmes on students' concept of caring. A descriptive quantitative cross-sectional survey collected data using the Caring Behaviour Inventory from first and final year student nurses, nurse lecturers and nurses in practice. The findings based on student surveys indicated a statistically significant reduction in the overall level of caring behaviour in first to final year students. When compared with the findings of lecturers and nurses, less variance to lecturers than to nurses was found amongst the first years' score, and the lowest variance to nurses was demonstrated amongst the final year. A greater reduction was evidenced amongst Singaporean students, which was exaggerated with exposure to pre-enrolled nursing education and magnified with caring job experience. This study indicates more effort is necessary to harness student caring attributes in students' entire educational journey so that expressive caring is not subsumed in the teaching of students to meet demands of complicated contemporary care.


Loke, J. C. F., Lee, B. K., Lee, K. W., & Noor, A. M. (2015). Caring behaviours of student nurses: Effects of pre-registration nursing education. Nurse education in practice, 15(6), 421-429.

Acceptance Date May 9, 2015
Online Publication Date May 21, 2015
Publication Date Nov 1, 2015
Deposit Date Dec 18, 2015
Publicly Available Date Nov 23, 2017
Journal Nurse education in practice
Print ISSN 1471-5953
Electronic ISSN 1471-5953
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 15
Issue 6
Pages 421-429
Keywords Expressive caring; Instrumental caring; Nursing education; Pre-registration; Singapore; Surveys
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Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Nurse education in practice, 2015, v.15 issue 6.


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