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A quasi-experiment to evaluate the effects of a blended approach of simulation learning and podcasting on caring behaviours

Bush, Emma; Loke, Jennifer; Lee, Bryant


Emma Bush

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Dr Jennifer Loke
Lecturer / Programme Director (Dual Award in BSc in Nursing Science)

Bryant Lee


Background: The need for quality nursing personnel in clinical practice expected nurse teachers to be able to impart instrumental and expressive aspects of caring behaviours to nursing students. Operating in a resource-limited higher educational context, nurse teachers are required to do so in a cost effective way. This study as part of a larger study evaluated the effects of a blended approach to learning of caring behaviours based on ‘modified’ medium-fidelity simulation scenarios and podcasting to repeat debriefs. Methods: This study employed a quasi-experimental, two group pre-test-post-test design. The study included 146 second year nursing students. Participants were divided into ‘intervention’ and ‘control’ groups and were asked to complete a caring behaviour inventory scale at various stages of the research study. Results: Students in the intervention group scored statistically higher, post receiving medium-fidelity simulation learning and higher post podcasting. The exposure to high fidelity simulation learning has resulted in the lower scoring in control group. Conclusions: This study highlights the value of a blended approach based on medium-fidelity simulation learning and podcasting. Successful learning of caring behaviours lies in the heart of a care-oriented teaching approach rather than the use of sophisticated technologies. This study has implications for a better practice in nursing education for developing student caring behaviours, it also has a wider implication for all vocational and non-nursing healthcare education.


Bush, E., Loke, J., & Lee, B. (2016). A quasi-experiment to evaluate the effects of a blended approach of simulation learning and podcasting on caring behaviours. GSTF Journal of Nursing and Health Care (JNHC), 3(2), 4-10

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 23, 2016
Publication Date 2016-06
Deposit Date Jun 15, 2016
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal GSTF journal of nursing and health care
Print ISSN 2345-7198
Electronic ISSN 2345-7198
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 4-10
Keywords Blending learning, Caring behaviours, Clinical skills, High fidelity simulation training, Medium fidelity simulation training, Nursing education, Podcasting
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Additional Information This is a copy of an open access article published in GSTF journal of nursing and health care, 2016, v.3 issue 2.


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Copyright Statement
©The Author(s) 2016. This article is published with open access by the GSTF under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) licence that allows reuse subject only to the use being non-commercial and to the article being fully attributed ( to GSTF.

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