Insight into tube-building behaviour and palaeoecology of some agglutinating worms from the Upper Devonian of Nevada, USA
Zatoń, Michał; Bond, David P. G.
Professor David Bond D.Bond@hull.ac.uk
Director of Research
Agglutinated worm tubes from the Upper Devonian of the Devils Gate section in Nevada, USA are reported for the first time, filling a major gap in their Palaeozoic fossil record. Two small (5 mm and 6.7 mm in length) tubes are composed entirely of tentaculitid shells, and one large tube (55 mm in length) is formed from particles including ostracode carapaces, echinoderm ossicles, tentaculitid shells and putative bryozoan fragments aligned perpendicularly to the tube’s long axis. The tubes, in particular the large one have a cylindrical, curved and tapering tube morphology that is very similar to that of modern agglutinating polychaetes of the families Terebellidae and Pectinariidae. The large tube is dominated by objects that fall within a certain size-range, and although built from different types of particles, echinoderm ossicles are prevalent in the posterior part, whereas ostracode carapaces dominate in the middle and anterior parts of the tube. Tentaculitid shells are relatively rare in the large tube, despite being abundant in the surrounding host deposit. The faunal assemblage composing the tube suggests that the worm animal was rather specific in its selection of particles with a certain morphology. This is common behaviour amongst many modern agglutinating terebellid and pectinariid polychaetes. The preservation of such fragile tubes was enhanced by rapid burial, likely caused by gravity flow of sediment in a deep-slope setting.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Mar 1, 2016|
|Journal||Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Zatoń, M., & Bond, D. P. G. (2016). Insight into tube-building behaviour and palaeoecology of some agglutinating worms from the Upper Devonian of Nevada, USA. Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, 445, 138-146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2015.12.020|
|Keywords||Polychaetes; Worm tubes; Particle selection; Taphonomy; Frasnian|
|Additional Information||Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology, palaeoecology, 2016, v.445.|
© 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
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