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Multi-agent architecture for waste minimisation in beef supply chain

Nguyen, Ai Ha Thi; Singh, Akshit; Kumari, Sushma; Choudhary, Sonal


Ai Ha Thi Nguyen

Akshit Singh

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Dr. Sushma Kumari
Senior Lecturer and Programme Director- MSc Logistics and Supply Chain Management and Education Lead Logistics and Supply Chain Management

Sonal Choudhary


Food waste is an alarming issue pertaining to the rising global hunger, huge environmental footprint, and high monetary value. In developing and developed nations, it occurs primarily due to inefficiencies upstream and downstream of the supply chain respectively. A common factor in both developed and developing nations is product flow within the supply chain from farms to retailers. This study aims to identify the root causes of waste generated across the product flow of the beef supply chain from farm to retailer. A workshop involving twenty practitioners of the beef industry was conducted and the collected information was transcribed and coded to generate a current reality tree, which assisted in identifying root causes of waste in the entire beef supply chain. A multi-agent architecture framework spanning the entire beef supply chain from farm to retailer is proposed, which is composed of autonomous agents capable of bringing all segments of the beef industry on a single platform and collaboratively assist them in mitigating root causes of waste. The proposed framework will aid the practitioners in the beef industry to reduce waste, improve their operational efficiency thereby raising food security, economic development whilst curbing their carbon footprint.


Nguyen, A. H. T., Singh, A., Kumari, S., & Choudhary, S. (in press). Multi-agent architecture for waste minimisation in beef supply chain. Production planning & control,

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 29, 2021
Online Publication Date Sep 24, 2021
Deposit Date Mar 14, 2022
Publicly Available Date Mar 16, 2022
Journal Production Planning and Control
Print ISSN 0953-7287
Electronic ISSN 1366-5871
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Beef supply chain; Waste minimisation; Multi-agent system (MAS)
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Copyright Statement
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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