Process intensification for post combustion CO₂ capture with chemical absorption: a critical review
Wang, Meihong; Joel, Atuman S.; Ramshaw, Colin; Eimer, Dag; Musa, Nuhu M.
Atuman S. Joel
Nuhu M. Musa
The concentration of CO₂ in the atmosphere is increasing rapidly. CO₂ emissions may have an impact on global climate change. Effective CO₂ emission abatement strategies such as carbon capture and storage (CCS) are required to combat this trend. Compared with pre-combustion carbon capture and oxy-fuel carbon capture approaches, post-combustion CO₂ capture (PCC) using solvent process is one of the most mature carbon capture technologies. There are two main barriers for the PCC process using solvent to be commercially deployed: (a) high capital cost; (b) high thermal efficiency penalty due to solvent regeneration. Applying process intensification (PI) technology into PCC with solvent process has the potential to significantly reduce capital costs compared with conventional technology using packed columns. This paper intends to evaluate different PI technologies for their suitability in PCC process. The study shows that rotating packed bed (RPB) absorber/stripper has attracted much interest due to its high mass transfer capability. Currently experimental studies on CO₂ capture using RPB are based on standalone absorber or stripper. Therefore a schematic process flow diagram of intensified PCC process is proposed so as to motivate other researches for possible optimal design, operation and control. To intensify heat transfer in reboiler, spinning disc technology is recommended. To replace cross heat exchanger in conventional PCC (with packed column) process, printed circuit heat exchanger will be preferred. Solvent selection for conventional PCC process has been studied extensively. However, it needs more studies for solvent selection in intensified PCC process. The authors also predicted research challenges in intensified PCC process and potential new breakthrough from different aspects.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Nov 15, 2015|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Wang, M., Joel, A. S., Ramshaw, C., Eimer, D., & Musa, N. M. (2015). Process intensification for post combustion CO₂ capture with chemical absorption: a critical review. Applied energy, 158, 275-291 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.08.083|
|Keywords||Post-combustion CO₂ capture; Chemical absorption; Rotating Packed Bed (RPB); Process intensification (PI); Solvents; Intensified heat exchange|
|Additional Information||Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Applied energy, 2015, v.158.|
©2015 This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/