Cristina M. A. Alonso
Site-specific and stoichiometric conjugation of cationic porphyrins to antiangiogenic monoclonal antibodies
Alonso, Cristina M. A.; Palumbo, Alessandro; Bullous, Aaron J.; Pretto, Francesca; Neri, Dario; Boyle, Ross W.
Aaron J. Bullous
Professor Ross Boyle R.W.Boyle@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Biological Chemistry
Synthesis of three new cationic thiol-reactive maleimide-porphyrin derivatives and their use in site-specific conjugation to monoclonal antibodies is reported. The selective reactivity toward thiols is demonstrated using competition experiments, where both thiols and amines are present. This selectivity was used to successfully achieve specific conjugation of two porphyrins to cysteine residues present in the antiangiogenic antibody L19, expressed in small immunoprotein (SIP) format. The effect of length and hydrophilicity of the linkage between porphyrin and maleimide was also investigated, and maximum photocytotoxicity was achieved with the longest and most hydrophilic chain. Immunoreactivity and in vitro photocytotoxicity for these well-characterized porphyrin-antibody conjugates are described.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Publication Date||Feb 17, 2010|
|Publisher||American Chemical Society|
|Peer Reviewed||Peer Reviewed|
|APA6 Citation||Alonso, C. M. A., Palumbo, A., Bullous, A. J., Pretto, F., Neri, D., & Boyle, R. W. (2010). Site-specific and stoichiometric conjugation of cationic porphyrins to antiangiogenic monoclonal antibodies. Bioconjugate chemistry, 21(2), 302-313. https://doi.org/10.1021/bc9003537|
|Keywords||Biotechnology; Organic Chemistry; Bioengineering; Pharmacology; Pharmaceutical Science; Biomedical Engineering|