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Transfer between two- and three-dimensional representations of faces

Liu, Chang Hong; Ward, James; Young, Andrew W.


Chang Hong Liu

James Ward

Andrew W. Young


Because stereoscopic depth cues are not present in an ordinary photograph, matching a two-dimensional (2-D) photograph to a three-dimensional (3-D) face requires establishing a correspondence between information derived from monocular depth cues and ignoring discrepant information from stereopsis. To examine the implication of this transfer of information across 2-D-3-D representations, we had participants perform identification tasks where only one of the two images for training and test contained stereo information. We compared identification performance for this incongruent condition of dimensionality to two congruent conditions where images for both training and test were shown with or without stereo information. Results revealed that performance in the incongruent condition is overall 4-5% less accurate for both a recognition task (Experiment 1) and a sequential matching task (Experiment 2). This small cost of depth cue inconsistency suggests a degree of encoding specificity for 2-D and 3-D information in face recognition.


Liu, C. H., Ward, J., & Young, A. W. (2006). Transfer between two- and three-dimensional representations of faces. Visual Cognition, 13(1), 51-64.

Journal Article Type Article
Online Publication Date Jul 30, 2010
Publication Date 2006
Print ISSN 1350-6285
Electronic ISSN 1464-0716
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Issue 1
Pages 51-64
Keywords Transfer; Face recognition; Three dimensional
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