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A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men

Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Anderson, Rachel J.; Knott, Lauren M.

Authors

Dr Rachel Anderson Rachel.Anderson@hull.ac.uk
Reader/Programme Director Psychology PG Research (PhD, MSc by Research, MRes)

Lauren M. Knott



Abstract

Gender differences in susceptibility to associative memory illusions in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm were investigated using negative and neutral word lists. Women (n=50) and men (n=50) studied 20 lists of 12 words that were associates of a non-presented critical lure. Ten lists were associates of negatively valenced lures (e.g., cry, evil) and ten were associates of neutral lures (e.g., chair, slow). When asked to recall the words after each list, women falsely recalled more negative lures than men, but there was no gender difference in the false recall of neutral lures. These findings suggest that women reflect on associations within negative lists to a greater degree than men and are thereby more likely to generate the negative critical lures. © 2012 Copyright Psychology Press Ltd.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2012-01
Journal Cognition and emotion
Print ISSN 0269-9931
Electronic ISSN 1464-0600
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 26
Issue 1
Pages 65-74
APA6 Citation Dewhurst, S. A., Anderson, R. J., & Knott, L. M. (2012). A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men. Cognition and Emotion, 26(1), (65-74). doi:10.1080/02699931.2011.553037. ISSN 0269-9931
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2011.553037
Keywords False memory; Emotion; Gender
Publisher URL https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699931.2011.553037
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