Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Bio-banding in soccer: past, present, and future

Towlson, Chris; Cumming, Sean P.


Sean P. Cumming


Maturity-related selection biases are engrained within professional academy soccer programmes. The process of grouping of children by biological maturity (“bio-banding”), rather than age is not new. However, practice of bio-banding is becoming increasingly popular with youth soccer development programmes where maturity-related differences in size and athleticism have been cited as key mechanisms behind the over-selection of early over late maturing players. However, the objectives of bio-banding require further clarity to avoid a disconnect between contemporary academic evidence and present and future practitioner practice. Therefore, the purpose of this commentary is to 1) provide a concise overview of the literature (to date), 2) identify possible applications of bio-banding to permit more informed decisions relating to the evaluation and management of young soccer players and (3) propose future directions for both research and applied practice.


Towlson, C., & Cumming, S. P. (in press). Bio-banding in soccer: past, present, and future. Annals of Human Biology,

Journal Article Type Commentary
Acceptance Date Sep 12, 2022
Online Publication Date Oct 14, 2022
Deposit Date Sep 23, 2022
Publicly Available Date Oct 15, 2023
Journal Annals of Human Biology
Print ISSN 0301-4460
Electronic ISSN 1464-5033
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Maturation; Maturity, talent identification; Long-term athletic development
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations