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Evolution of body size in the genus Damaliscus: a comparison with hartebeest Alcelaphus spp.

Capellini, I.


I. Capellini


In species with low levels of sexual size dimorphism, it may be relatively easy to detect the role of natural selection in the evolution of body size. Habitat primary production (HPP) appears to be a key factor in the divergence of size in the hartebeest clade (Alcelaphus spp.), such that subspecies in less productive savannahs are smaller than those in richer ones. Here I test whether a similar pattern exists within the genus Damaliscus (topi and their allies). Basal skull length was used as a surrogate of body size and measured in the seven allopatric subspecies of Damaliscus. Means for each subspecies and sex were regressed against climatic factors as surrogates of HPP. Variation in skull length across Damaliscus taxa was less than in hartebeest. Two clusters were present in both sexes and corresponded to the distinction between the species, Damaliscus dorcas and Damaliscus lunatus. This may reflect differences in productivity between edaphic grasslands, occupied by all D. lunatus, and dry grasslands, occupied by D. dorcas. Mean annual rainfall was the best predictor of body size in males and showed a non-significant positive tendency in females. After accounting for phylogenetic effects, these correlations were both non-significant. Edaphic grasslands might be less dependent on precipitation for primary production because the impeded drainage of their soil prolongs water availability after the end of the rains. Furthermore, they are probably more consistent in productivity across African regions than secondary grasslands and savannah woodlands, which rely on rainfall for grass growth. These properties of edaphic grasslands may explain why size in Damaliscus appears to be less sensitive to variation in rainfall and less variable across subspecies than in Alcelaphus.


Capellini, I. (2006). Evolution of body size in the genus Damaliscus: a comparison with hartebeest Alcelaphus spp. Journal of Zoology, 270(1), 139-146.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 6, 2005
Online Publication Date May 24, 2006
Publication Date 2006-09
Print ISSN 0952-8369
Electronic ISSN 1469-7998
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 270
Issue 1
Pages 139-146
Keywords Damaliscus sp. ; Body size; Natural selection; Intraspecific variation; Alcelaphus
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