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Recalling unpresented hostile words: false memories predictors of traditional and cyberbullying

Vannucci, Manila; Nocentini, Annalaura; Mazzoni, Giuliana; Menesini, Ersilia


Manila Vannucci

Annalaura Nocentini

Giuliana Mazzoni

Ersilia Menesini


This study investigated the relationship between hostile false memories (violent and verbal/aggressive) and engagement in traditional and cyberbullying, controlling for their co-occurrence. Two hundred eleven adolescents completed measures of traditional and cyberbullying and performed a modified version of the “DRM paradigm”, a false memory task for lists of associated words. Five lists were used: one of ambiguously violent words, oneof insults and three lists of neutral words used as controls. For each list a free recall task was performed. A path analysis showed that both violent false memories for ambiguously hostile words and verbal/aggressive false memories for insults were positively associated with cyberbullying and, in males, also with traditional bullying. These data indicate a contribution of hostile memory distortions to bullying behaviours in adolescents. Findings are discussed according to the general aggression model.


Vannucci, M., Nocentini, A., Mazzoni, G., & Menesini, E. (2012). Recalling unpresented hostile words: false memories predictors of traditional and cyberbullying. European journal of developmental psychology, 9(2), 182-194.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 31, 2012
Online Publication Date Mar 7, 2012
Publication Date 2012-03
Print ISSN 1740-5629
Electronic ISSN 1740-5610
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 9
Issue 2
Pages 182-194
Keywords False memories; Bullying; Cyberbullying; Aggression
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