Impacts of different demographic policies adopted by the government on the Chinese population dynamics
Teng (Economist) Ge
This dissertation focuses on three demographic policies that Chinese government adopted after Eonomic reform in 1978: the one-child policy, the two-child policy, and the migration policy. In the first chapter, I employ regional and provincial level data to re-estimate the effect of the one-child policy on Chinese fertility applying a difference-in-differences (DD) methodology. I introduce geographic and other individual factors to show how the one-child policy distorted fertility rates and sex ratios in China after its implementation. For the second chapter, I also employing a DD approach, I focus on rural-to-urban migration and estimate the effect of the 1992 migration policy on the rural households’ migration decision. In the final chapter, I study in an OLG model how the two-child policy in China will change the current Pay-As-you-Go (PAYG) pension system in the future, and simulate different scenarios to evaluate the pension programme.
Chen, Y. (2018). Impacts of different demographic policies adopted by the government on the Chinese population dynamics. (Thesis). University of Hull. Retrieved from https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/4222694
|Publication Date||Sep 1, 2018|
|Deposit Date||Oct 16, 2020|
|Publicly Available Date||Feb 23, 2023|
|Additional Information||Business School, The University of Hull|
© 2018 Chen, Yujing. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the written permission of the copyright holder.
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