Skip to main content

Form and spontaneity: training for improvisation in football and theatre

Edinborough, Campbell



This article explores the relationships between training approaches within football and improvised theatre. Drawing on the writings of Victor Turner, the article examines the liminoid nature of football and theatre, arguing that the formalised constraints that emerge within such liminoid forms can be used to develop collaborative decision-making skills. Through looking at tactical examples from football and approaches to improvisation developed by theatre practitioners such as Keith Johnstone, the article demonstrates the reflexive relationship between form and spontaneity. The article explores the potential benefits of this reflexive relationship, arguing that it is through understanding the way in which formal constraints shape spontaneous events that players and performers can develop creativity and empathy during improvisation and play.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2012-07
Print ISSN 1944-3927
Electronic ISSN 1944-3919
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 3
Issue 2
Pages 199-207
APA6 Citation Edinborough, C. (2012). Form and spontaneity: training for improvisation in football and theatre. Theatre, Dance and Performance Training, 3(2), 199-207. doi:10.1080/19443927.2012.686448
Keywords Education; Visual Arts and Performing Arts
Publisher URL