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The influence of social pressure and nationality on individual decisions: Evidence from the behaviour of referees

Dawson, Peter; Dobson, Stephen

Authors

Peter Dawson

Stephen Dobson S.M.Dobson@hull.ac.uk

Abstract

This study considers the influences on agents' decisions in an international context. Using data from five seasons of European cup football matches it is found that referees favour home teams when awarding yellow and red cards. Previous research on referee decisions in national leagues has identified social pressure as a key reason for favouritism. While social pressure is also found to be an important influence in this study, the international setting shows that nationality is another important influence on the decision making of referees. In considering principal-agent relationships account needs to be taken not only of how agents (referees) decide under social pressure but also of how national identity shapes agents' decision making. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date Apr 1, 2010
Print ISSN 0167-4870
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 31
Issue 2
Pages 181-191
Institution Citation Dawson, P., & Dobson, S. (2010). The influence of social pressure and nationality on individual decisions: Evidence from the behaviour of referees. Journal of economic psychology, 31(2), 181-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2009.06.001
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2009.06.001
Keywords Applied Psychology; Economics and Econometrics; Sociology and Political Science
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