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Effects of the Big Five personality dimensions on appraisal coping, and coping effectiveness in sport

Kaiseler, Mariana; Polman, Remco C. J.; Nicholls, Adam R.

Authors

Mariana Kaiseler

Remco C. J. Polman

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Professor Adam Nicholls A.Nicholls@hull.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology/ Leader of the Sport Psychology and Coaching Group



Abstract

In this study, we examined the influence of the Big Five personality dimensions (Neuroticism, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience) on the appraisal (intensity, control) of a self-selected stressor, coping, and perceived coping effectiveness. Participants were 482 athletes (305 males, 177 females) who played a variety of sports. Results indicate that the Big Five dimensions influenced coping selection, coping effectiveness, stress intensity, and perceived control of the stressors, but not the type of self-selected stressor. In particular, Neuroticism predicted higher stressor intensity and Agreeableness lower stressor intensity. Neuroticism predicted lower perceived stressor control and Conscientiousness higher perceived stressor control. Higher levels of Neuroticism were directly and indirectly associated with more emotion and avoidance coping strategies and less problem-focused coping strategies. The other four personality dimensions were also associated with the selection of coping strategies that were perceived to be effective. This study provides support for the notion that the Big Five personality dimensions directly influence appraisal, coping, and coping effectiveness among the sample. Coping was also influenced indirectly by personality through the appraisal process. The Neuroticism dimension was found to be associated with the selection of less adaptive coping strategies and lower levels of reported coping effectiveness. The other four personality dimensions were associated with more adaptive coping strategies that were rated as effective.

Citation

Kaiseler, M., Polman, R. C. J., & Nicholls, A. R. (2011). Effects of the Big Five personality dimensions on appraisal coping, and coping effectiveness in sport. European journal of sport science : the official journal of the European College of Sport Science, 12(1), (62-72). doi:10.1080/17461391.2010.551410. ISSN 1746-1391

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Dec 6, 2010
Online Publication Date Aug 22, 2011
Publication Date 2012-01
Journal European Journal of Sport Science
Print ISSN 1746-1391
Electronic ISSN 1536-7290
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 1
Pages 62-72
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.551410
Keywords Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation; Orthopedics and Sports Medicine; General Medicine
Public URL https://hull-repository.worktribe.com/output/429044