Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Air-breathing polymer electrolyte fuel cells: A review

Calili-Cankir, Fatma; Ismail, Mohammed S.; Ingham, Derek B.; Hughes, Kevin J.; Ma, Lin; Pourkashanian, Mohamed


Fatma Calili-Cankir

Profile Image

Dr Mohammed Ismail
Lecturer in Chemical Engineering - Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies

Derek B. Ingham

Kevin J. Hughes

Lin Ma

Mohamed Pourkashanian


Air-breathing polymer electrolyte fuel cells have become a promising power source to provide uninterrupted power for small electronic devices. This review focuses primarily on describing how the air-breathing PEFC performance is improved through optimisation of some key parameters: the design and material of the current collector; the design and material of the cathode gas diffusion layer; the catalyst layer; and cell orientation. In addition, it reviews the impact of the ambient conditions on the fuel cell performance and describes the methods adopted to mitigate the effects of extreme conditions of ambient temperature and humidity. Hydrogen storage and delivery technologies used in air-breathing fuel cells are then summarised and their design aspects are discussed critically. Finally, the few reported air-breathing fuel cell stacks and systems are reviewed, highlighting the challenges to the widespread commercialisation of air-breathing fuel cell technology.


Calili-Cankir, F., Ismail, M. S., Ingham, D. B., Hughes, K. J., Ma, L., & Pourkashanian, M. (2023). Air-breathing polymer electrolyte fuel cells: A review. Renewable energy, 213, 86-108.

Journal Article Type Review
Acceptance Date May 31, 2023
Online Publication Date Jun 1, 2023
Publication Date Sep 1, 2023
Deposit Date Jul 17, 2023
Publicly Available Date Jul 17, 2023
Journal Renewable Energy
Print ISSN 0960-1481
Electronic ISSN 1879-0682
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 213
Pages 86-108
Keywords Air-breathing polymer electrolyte fuel cells; Portable applications; Open cathode; Fuel cell performance; Ambient conditions
Public URL


You might also like

Downloadable Citations