University of Hull logo

Sustainable supply chain management: confirmation of a higher-order model

Akhtar, Pervaiz; Doherty, Bob; Li, Si; Tse, Ying Kei; Zhang, Minhao


Bob Doherty

Si Li

Ying Kei Tse

Minhao Zhang


Drawing from the research of green supply chain management and corporate social responsibility, this research proposes a hierarchical structure of sustainable supply chain management and develops a multi-item measurement scale to reflect the specific management practices of sustainable supply chain management. In this research, sustainable supply chain management is operationalised as a third-order factor reflected by three second-order factors, namely external green supply chain management, internal green supply chain management and corporate social responsibility. Utilising a rigorous, multi-step scale development method and data from 293 Chinese manufacturers, this research validates a 31-item measurement scale and approves the proposed third-order structure. The results confirm the multidimensionality of sustainable supply chain management, which suggests that it is necessary for the future researches to consider both environmental and social aspects. The valid measurement scales provide managers with a “to do list” to make the specific business decisions to achieve sustainable development in the supply chain.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2018-01
Journal Resources, conservation & recycling
Print ISSN 0921-3449
Electronic ISSN 1879-0658
Publisher Elsevier Masson
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 128
Pages 206-221
Keywords Sustainable supply chain, Corporate social responsibility, Scale development, Sustainable development, Survey
Publisher URL
Copyright Statement © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Additional Information This article is maintained by: Elsevier; Article Title: Sustainable supply chain management: Confirmation of a higher-order model; Journal Title: Resources, Conservation and Recycling; CrossRef DOI link to publisher maintained version:; Content Type: article; Copyright: © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Downloadable Citations