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Inducing false memories by manipulating memory self-efficacy

Iacullo, Vittorio M.; Marucci, Francesco S.; Mazzoni, Giuliana


Vittorio M. Iacullo

Francesco S. Marucci

Giuliana Mazzoni


The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between self-efficacy and false memories using the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) paradigm, whereby people falsely remember words not presented in lists. In two studies participants were presented with DRM lists and asked to recall and recognize presented items. In the first study, we found a significant relationship between memory self-efficacy (MSE) and susceptibility to associative memory illusions, both in recall and recognition. They also received the Memory Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (MSEQ), the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ) and the backward digit span (BDS) test. In the second study, MSE was manipulated in order to assess whether changes influenced the sensitivity parameter in DRM tasks. Results showed that the manipulation was effective in decreasing self-efficacy, which in turn affected the probability of reporting critical lures as well as sensitivity. Possible explanations for the effect are discussed.


Iacullo, V. M., Marucci, F. S., & Mazzoni, G. (2016). Inducing false memories by manipulating memory self-efficacy. Learning and Individual Differences, 49, 237-244.

Acceptance Date Jun 24, 2016
Online Publication Date Jul 5, 2016
Publication Date 2016-07
Deposit Date Jul 26, 2016
Publicly Available Date Oct 27, 2022
Journal Learning and individual differences
Print ISSN 1041-6080
Electronic ISSN 1873-3425
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 49
Pages 237-244
Keywords False memories; Self-efficacy; Memory; Working memory; Performance
Public URL
Publisher URL
Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Learning and individual differences, 2016, v.49.


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