University of Hull logo

Sequence stratigraphy, basin morphology and sea-level history for the Permian Kapp Starostin formation of Sbalbard, Norway

Bond, David P. G.; Blomeier, Dierk P. G.; Dustira, Anna M.; Wignall, Paul B.; Collins, Daniel; Goode, Thomas; Groen, Ralph D.; Buggisch, Werner; Grasby, Stephen E.

Authors

Dierk P. G. Blomeier

Anna M. Dustira

Paul B. Wignall

Daniel Collins

Thomas Goode

Ralph D. Groen

Werner Buggisch

Stephen E. Grasby

Abstract

Based on seven measured sections from Svalbard, the marine strata of the Permian Kapp Starostin Formation are arranged into seven transgressive-regressive sequences (TR1-TR7) of c. 4-5 Ma average duration, each bound by a maximum regressive surface. Facies, including heterozoan-dominated limestones, spiculitic cherts, sandstones, siltstones and shales record deposition within inner, middle and outer shelf areas. The lowermost sequence TR1 comprises most of the basal Vøringen Member, which records a transgression across the Gipshuken Formation following a hiatus of unknown duration. Temperate-cool, storm-dominated facies established in inner to middle shelf areas between the latest Artinskian and Kungurian. Prolonged deepening during sequences TR2 and TR3 was succeeded by a long-term shallowing-upward trend that lasted until the latest Permian (TR4-TR7). A major depocentre existed in central and western Spitsbergen while to the north, Dickson Land remained a shallow platform, leading to a shallow homoclinal ramp in NE Spitsbergen and Nordaustlandet. The Middle Permian extinction (late Capitanian) is recorded near the base of TR6 in deeper parts of the basin only; elsewhere this sequence is not recorded. Likewise the youngest sequence, TR7, extending to the upper formational contact of latest Permian age, is found only in the basin depocentre. Comparison with age-equivalent strata in the Sverdrup Basin of Canada reveals a remarkably similar depositional history, with e.g. two (third-order) sea-level cycles recorded in the Late Permian of both regions, in keeping with the global record. Sequence stratigraphy may therefore be a powerful correlative tool for onshore and offshore Permian deposits across NW Pangaea.

Publication Date Jan 9, 2017
Journal Geological magazine
Print ISSN 0016-7568
Electronic ISSN 1469-5081
Publisher Cambridge University Press (CUP)
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 155
Issue 5
Pages 1023-1039
Institution Citation Bond, D. P. G., Blomeier, D. P. G., Dustira, A. M., Wignall, P. B., Collins, D., Goode, T., …Grasby, S. E. (2017). Sequence stratigraphy, basin morphology and sea-level history for the Permian Kapp Starostin formation of Sbalbard, Norway. Geological magazine, 155(5), 1023-1039. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756816001126
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/S0016756816001126
Keywords Spitsbergen, Stratigraphy, Extinction, Facies analysis
Publisher URL https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/geological-magazine/article/div-classtitlesequence-stratigraphy-basin-morphology-and-sea-level-history-for-the-permian-kapp-starostin-formation-of-svalbard-norwaydiv/77B835E7D91D5E99C854E67CEF3DE428
Copyright Statement © Cambridge University Press 2017 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/ 4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
doi:10.1017/S0016756816001126
Additional Information Copy of article first published in: Geological magazine.

Files

Article (1.8 Mb)
PDF

Copyright Statement
© Cambridge University Press 2017 This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/ 4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
doi:10.1017/S0016756816001126



You might also like


Downloadable Citations