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Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes

Anderson, Rachel J.; Dewhurst, Stephen A.; Dean, Graham M.

Authors

Dr Rachel Anderson Rachel.Anderson@hull.ac.uk
Reader/Programme Director Psychology PG Research (PhD, MSc by Research, MRes)/ ESRC White Rose DTP Deputy Director - Wellbeing, Health & Communities Pathway

Graham M. Dean



Abstract

Two experiments used a dual task methodology to investigate the role of visual imagery and executive resources in the retrieval of specific autobiographical memories. In Experiment 1, dynamic visual noise led to a reduction in the number of specific memories retrieved in response to both high and low imageability cues, but did not affect retrieval times. In Experiment 2, irrelevant pictures reduced the number of specific memories but only in response to low imageability cues. Irrelevant pictures also increased response times to both high and low imageability cues. The findings are in line with previous work suggesting that disrupting executive resources may impair generative, but not direct, retrieval of autobiographical memories. In contrast, visual distractor tasks appear to impair access to specific autobiographical memories via both the direct and generative retrieval routes, thereby highlighting the potential role of visual imagery in both pathways.

Journal Article Type Article
Publication Date 2017-03
Journal Consciousness & cognition
Print ISSN 1053-8100
Electronic ISSN 1090-2376
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 49
Pages 163-171
Institution Citation Anderson, R. J., Dewhurst, S. A., & Dean, G. M. (2017). Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories : the roles of visual imagery and executive processes. Consciousness and cognition, 49, 163-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.02.010
Keywords Autobiographical memory; Visual imagery; Visual working memory; Dual task paradigm
Publisher URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810016301969
Copyright Statement ©2018, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Additional Information Authors' accepted manuscript of article published in: Consciousness & cognition, 2017, v.49.

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Copyright Statement
©2018, Elsevier. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/







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